Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by early atherothrombosis. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a promising tool for the diagnosis of early vascular remodelling and initial atherosclerotic plaque formation. Our objective was to evaluate PWV and its relationship with coronary atherosclerosis and thrombotic biomarkers in patients with SLE. Material and methods: In 26 patients with SLE with stable clinical conditions, mean age of 39.1 ±11.7 years and without a history of coronary artery disease, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)-based coronary calcium scoring (CACS) was performed and PWV measured. Laboratory evaluation included serum levels of anticardiolipin and anti-β2-glycoprotein antibodies (anti-β2-GPI), lupus anticoagulant (LA), D-dimers, thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT), and von Willebrand factor (vWF). Results: Multidetector computed tomography revealed coronary calcifications in 8 (30.8%) patients and the median CACS was 52.4 HU (range 2-843.2). The mean PWV was 9.0 ±3.2 m/s and was higher in patients aged < 50 years (+33.7% vs. < 50 years), those with positive LA (+28.2% vs. LA negative), TAT ≥ 10 μg/l (+18.1% vs. < 10 μg/l), vWF ≥ 200 IU/dl (+51.8% vs. < 200 IU/dl) and with coronary atherosclerosis (CACS < 0; +21.4% vs. CACS = 0). In contrast, the duration of the disease, D-dimers, anticardiolipin, and anti-β2-GPI antibodies did not influence PWV. In the group without atherosclerosis (CACS = 0, n =18), patients with vWF ≥ 200 IU/dl had a 19.3% higher PWV compared to the rest. Conclusions: In patients with SLE, PWV was associated with the presence of coronary atherosclerotic lesions in MDCT. Furthermore, arterial stiffness was higher in patients with markers of endothelial dysfunction and a prothrombotic state, suggesting their contribution to the early stages of arterial remodelling in SLE.

Arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis in systemic lupus erythematosus patients

Perricone C.;
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by early atherothrombosis. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a promising tool for the diagnosis of early vascular remodelling and initial atherosclerotic plaque formation. Our objective was to evaluate PWV and its relationship with coronary atherosclerosis and thrombotic biomarkers in patients with SLE. Material and methods: In 26 patients with SLE with stable clinical conditions, mean age of 39.1 ±11.7 years and without a history of coronary artery disease, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)-based coronary calcium scoring (CACS) was performed and PWV measured. Laboratory evaluation included serum levels of anticardiolipin and anti-β2-glycoprotein antibodies (anti-β2-GPI), lupus anticoagulant (LA), D-dimers, thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT), and von Willebrand factor (vWF). Results: Multidetector computed tomography revealed coronary calcifications in 8 (30.8%) patients and the median CACS was 52.4 HU (range 2-843.2). The mean PWV was 9.0 ±3.2 m/s and was higher in patients aged < 50 years (+33.7% vs. < 50 years), those with positive LA (+28.2% vs. LA negative), TAT ≥ 10 μg/l (+18.1% vs. < 10 μg/l), vWF ≥ 200 IU/dl (+51.8% vs. < 200 IU/dl) and with coronary atherosclerosis (CACS < 0; +21.4% vs. CACS = 0). In contrast, the duration of the disease, D-dimers, anticardiolipin, and anti-β2-GPI antibodies did not influence PWV. In the group without atherosclerosis (CACS = 0, n =18), patients with vWF ≥ 200 IU/dl had a 19.3% higher PWV compared to the rest. Conclusions: In patients with SLE, PWV was associated with the presence of coronary atherosclerotic lesions in MDCT. Furthermore, arterial stiffness was higher in patients with markers of endothelial dysfunction and a prothrombotic state, suggesting their contribution to the early stages of arterial remodelling in SLE.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1534328
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