Phosphorus mononitride (PN) only has a fleeting existence on Earth, and molecular precursors for the release of this molecule under mild conditions in solution have remained elusive. Here we report the synthesis of an anthracene-based precursor-an anthracene moiety featuring an azidophosphine bridge across its central ring-that dissociates into dinitrogen, anthracene and P equivalent to N in solution with a first-order half-life of roughly 30 min at room temperature. Heated under reduced pressure, this azidophosphine-anthracene precursor decomposes in an explosive fashion at around 42 degrees C, as demonstrated in a molecular-beam mass spectrometry study. The precursor is also shown to serve as a PN transfer reagent in the synthesis of an Fe-NP coordination complex, through ligand exchange with its Fe-N-2 counterpart. The terminal N-bonded complex was found to be energetically preferred, compared to its P-bonded linkage isomer, owing to a significant covalent Fe-pnictogen bond character and an associated less unfavourable Pauli repulsion in the metal-ligand interaction.

Taming phosphorus mononitride

Bistoni, Giovanni;
2022

Abstract

Phosphorus mononitride (PN) only has a fleeting existence on Earth, and molecular precursors for the release of this molecule under mild conditions in solution have remained elusive. Here we report the synthesis of an anthracene-based precursor-an anthracene moiety featuring an azidophosphine bridge across its central ring-that dissociates into dinitrogen, anthracene and P equivalent to N in solution with a first-order half-life of roughly 30 min at room temperature. Heated under reduced pressure, this azidophosphine-anthracene precursor decomposes in an explosive fashion at around 42 degrees C, as demonstrated in a molecular-beam mass spectrometry study. The precursor is also shown to serve as a PN transfer reagent in the synthesis of an Fe-NP coordination complex, through ligand exchange with its Fe-N-2 counterpart. The terminal N-bonded complex was found to be energetically preferred, compared to its P-bonded linkage isomer, owing to a significant covalent Fe-pnictogen bond character and an associated less unfavourable Pauli repulsion in the metal-ligand interaction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1534953
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