Field-effect transistor (FET) biosensors based on low-dimensional materials are capable of highly sensitive and specific label-free detection of various analytes. In this work, a FET biosensor based on graphene decorated with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) was fabricated for lactose detection in a liquid-gate measurement configuration. This graphene device is functionalized with a carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of the human galectin-3 (hGal-3) protein to detect the presence of lactose from the donor effect of lectin - glycan affinity binding on the graphene. Although the detection of lactose is important because of its ubiquitous presence in food and for disease related applications (lactose intolerance condition), in this work we exploit the lectin/carbohydrate interaction to develop a device that in principle could specifically detect very low concentrations of any carbohydrate. The biosensor achieved an effective response to lactose concentrations over a dynamic range from 1 fM to 1 pM (10(-15) to 10(-12) mol L-1) with a detection limit of 200 aM, a significant enhancement over previous electrochemical graphene devices. The FET sensor response is also specific to lactose at aM concentrations, indicating the potential of a combined lectin and graphene FET (G-FET) sensor to detect carbohydrates at high sensitivity and specificity for disease diagnosis.

Non-enzymatic and highly sensitive lactose detection utilizing graphene field-effect transistors

Dindo, Mirco;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Field-effect transistor (FET) biosensors based on low-dimensional materials are capable of highly sensitive and specific label-free detection of various analytes. In this work, a FET biosensor based on graphene decorated with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) was fabricated for lactose detection in a liquid-gate measurement configuration. This graphene device is functionalized with a carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of the human galectin-3 (hGal-3) protein to detect the presence of lactose from the donor effect of lectin - glycan affinity binding on the graphene. Although the detection of lactose is important because of its ubiquitous presence in food and for disease related applications (lactose intolerance condition), in this work we exploit the lectin/carbohydrate interaction to develop a device that in principle could specifically detect very low concentrations of any carbohydrate. The biosensor achieved an effective response to lactose concentrations over a dynamic range from 1 fM to 1 pM (10(-15) to 10(-12) mol L-1) with a detection limit of 200 aM, a significant enhancement over previous electrochemical graphene devices. The FET sensor response is also specific to lactose at aM concentrations, indicating the potential of a combined lectin and graphene FET (G-FET) sensor to detect carbohydrates at high sensitivity and specificity for disease diagnosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1535995
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