By decreasing glutamate transmission, mGlu4 receptor positive allosteric modulators (mGlu4-PAM), in combi-nation with levodopa (L-DOPA) may restore the synergy between glutamatergic and dopaminergic transmissions, thus maximizing the improvement of motor function in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to clarify the effects of foliglurax, a selective mGlu4-PAM, on the loss of bidirectional synaptic plasticity associated with L- DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Behavioral assessments compared dyskinesia intensity in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats treated with L-DOPA or L-DOPA plus foliglurax. In slices from the same rats, patch -clamp techniques were used to examine electrophysiological differences in glutamatergic synapses, evaluating the EPSCs mediated by NMDA and AMPA receptors in striatal spiny projection neurons. High-frequency stim-ulation of corticostriatal fibers was used as long-term potentiation (LTP)-inducing protocol. Conversely, 15 min of low-frequency stimulation was applied to depotentiate LTP. The density of dendritic spines was measured in striatal slices in the same experimental conditions. Our results show that, in corticostriatal slices, foliglurax decreased spontaneous glutamatergic transmission in both sham-operated and 6-OHDA lesioned rats. When co -administered with L-DOPA in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats, foliglurax fully restored dendritic spine density in a dose -dependent manner. Moreover, this co-treatment rescued striatal bidirectional plasticity and attenuated the in-tensity of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. This is the first demonstration in an animal model of PD and dyskinesia that a mGlu4 PAM can restore striatal synaptic plasticity.

A positive allosteric modulator of mGlu4 receptors restores striatal plasticity in an animal model of l-Dopa-induced dyskinesia

Campanelli, Federica;Natale, Giuseppina;Marino, Gioia;Sciaccaluga, Miriam;Tozzi, Alessandro;
2022-01-01

Abstract

By decreasing glutamate transmission, mGlu4 receptor positive allosteric modulators (mGlu4-PAM), in combi-nation with levodopa (L-DOPA) may restore the synergy between glutamatergic and dopaminergic transmissions, thus maximizing the improvement of motor function in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to clarify the effects of foliglurax, a selective mGlu4-PAM, on the loss of bidirectional synaptic plasticity associated with L- DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Behavioral assessments compared dyskinesia intensity in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats treated with L-DOPA or L-DOPA plus foliglurax. In slices from the same rats, patch -clamp techniques were used to examine electrophysiological differences in glutamatergic synapses, evaluating the EPSCs mediated by NMDA and AMPA receptors in striatal spiny projection neurons. High-frequency stim-ulation of corticostriatal fibers was used as long-term potentiation (LTP)-inducing protocol. Conversely, 15 min of low-frequency stimulation was applied to depotentiate LTP. The density of dendritic spines was measured in striatal slices in the same experimental conditions. Our results show that, in corticostriatal slices, foliglurax decreased spontaneous glutamatergic transmission in both sham-operated and 6-OHDA lesioned rats. When co -administered with L-DOPA in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats, foliglurax fully restored dendritic spine density in a dose -dependent manner. Moreover, this co-treatment rescued striatal bidirectional plasticity and attenuated the in-tensity of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. This is the first demonstration in an animal model of PD and dyskinesia that a mGlu4 PAM can restore striatal synaptic plasticity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1536215
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