The aim of the present study was to explore the potential impact of upfront metastases-directed therapy (MDT) in terms of prolongation of castration-sensitive phase in a series of oligorecurrent castration-sensitive prostate cancer (PC) patients. The present article is a multicenter retrospective study. The population of interest was castrate-sensitive oligorecurrent PC, defined as the presence of 1-3 uptakes in non-visceral sites such as bones or nodes detected by means of 18F-Choline PET/CT or 68-Gallium PSMA PET/CT. Primary endpoint was the time to castration resistance. Secondary endpoints were ADT-free survival, local progression-free survival, and overall survival. Eighty-two patients and 118 lesions were analyzed. The median time to castration resistance for the entire population of the study was 49 months (95% CI 43.6-54.4 months). The 1- and 2-year TTCR-free survival rates were 94% and 82%, respectively. At the time of analysis, 52 patients were still in the castration-sensitive phase of the disease. In this cohort of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 3-69 months). On the other hand, during follow-up 30 patients switched to the castration-resistant phase of disease. In this last group of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 4-50 months). After the ADT administration, the median castration-sensitive phase was 29 months (range 5-71 months). Castration resistance generally occurs at a median follow-up of 24-36 months following ADT. In the current study, upfront MDT does not decrease the time from initiation of ADT to castration resistance.

Upfront metastasis-directed therapy in oligorecurrent prostate cancer does not decrease the time from initiation of androgen deprivation therapy to castration resistance

Matrone, Fabio;Ingrosso, Gianluca;Trippa, Fabio;Maranzano, Ernesto;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to explore the potential impact of upfront metastases-directed therapy (MDT) in terms of prolongation of castration-sensitive phase in a series of oligorecurrent castration-sensitive prostate cancer (PC) patients. The present article is a multicenter retrospective study. The population of interest was castrate-sensitive oligorecurrent PC, defined as the presence of 1-3 uptakes in non-visceral sites such as bones or nodes detected by means of 18F-Choline PET/CT or 68-Gallium PSMA PET/CT. Primary endpoint was the time to castration resistance. Secondary endpoints were ADT-free survival, local progression-free survival, and overall survival. Eighty-two patients and 118 lesions were analyzed. The median time to castration resistance for the entire population of the study was 49 months (95% CI 43.6-54.4 months). The 1- and 2-year TTCR-free survival rates were 94% and 82%, respectively. At the time of analysis, 52 patients were still in the castration-sensitive phase of the disease. In this cohort of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 3-69 months). On the other hand, during follow-up 30 patients switched to the castration-resistant phase of disease. In this last group of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 4-50 months). After the ADT administration, the median castration-sensitive phase was 29 months (range 5-71 months). Castration resistance generally occurs at a median follow-up of 24-36 months following ADT. In the current study, upfront MDT does not decrease the time from initiation of ADT to castration resistance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1536553
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