On the space of ±1 spin configurations on the 3d square lattice, we consider the shaken dynamics, a parallel Markovian dynamics that can be interpreted in terms of Probabilistic Cellular Automata. The transition probabilities are defined in terms of pair ferromagnetic Ising-type Hamiltonians with nearest neighbor interaction J, depending on an additional parameter q, measuring the tendency of the system to remain locally in the same state. Odd times and even times have different transition probabilities. We compute the stationary measure of the shaken dynamics and we investigate its relation with the Gibbs measure for the 3d Ising model. It turns out that the two parameters J and q tune the geometry of the underlying lattice. We conjecture the existence of unique line of critical points in J − q plane. By a judicious use of perturbative methods we delimit the region where such curve must lie and we perform numerical simulation to determine it. Our method allows us to find in a unified way the critical values of J for Ising model with first neighbors interaction, defined on a whole class of lattices, intermediate between the two-dimensional hexagonal and the three-dimensional cubic one, such as, for example, the tetrahedral lattice. Finally we estimate the critical exponents of the magnetic susceptibility and show that our model captures a dimensional transition in the geometry of the system at q = 0.

Shaken dynamics on the 3d cubic lattice

Troiani, Alessio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

On the space of ±1 spin configurations on the 3d square lattice, we consider the shaken dynamics, a parallel Markovian dynamics that can be interpreted in terms of Probabilistic Cellular Automata. The transition probabilities are defined in terms of pair ferromagnetic Ising-type Hamiltonians with nearest neighbor interaction J, depending on an additional parameter q, measuring the tendency of the system to remain locally in the same state. Odd times and even times have different transition probabilities. We compute the stationary measure of the shaken dynamics and we investigate its relation with the Gibbs measure for the 3d Ising model. It turns out that the two parameters J and q tune the geometry of the underlying lattice. We conjecture the existence of unique line of critical points in J − q plane. By a judicious use of perturbative methods we delimit the region where such curve must lie and we perform numerical simulation to determine it. Our method allows us to find in a unified way the critical values of J for Ising model with first neighbors interaction, defined on a whole class of lattices, intermediate between the two-dimensional hexagonal and the three-dimensional cubic one, such as, for example, the tetrahedral lattice. Finally we estimate the critical exponents of the magnetic susceptibility and show that our model captures a dimensional transition in the geometry of the system at q = 0.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1538776
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact