Purpose: To evaluate the surgical management, outcomes and prognostic factors of full thickness macular holes without residual internal limiting membrane (NO-ILM FTMHs). Methods: We performed a multicenter, retrospective study of 116 NO-ILM FTMHs. Human amniotic membrane (hAM) plug, autologous ILM free flap transplantation (AILMT), and autologous retinal graft transplantation (ART) were performed in 58, 48, and 10 patients, respectively. Data were collected before and up to 12 months after surgery. The primary outcomes were hole closure and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Results: The final BCVA (0.78 ± 0.51 logMAR) was significantly better than and correlated with the initial BCVA (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.004, respectively). Hole closure was achieved in 92% of eyes. The minimum FTMH diameter was wider and final BCVA was lower in the ART group than in the other groups (p < 0.003 and p < 0.001, respectively). FTMHs with diameter > 680 μm had a higher closure rate with hAM than with AILMT (p = 0.02). Conclusions: AILMT and hAM were the most frequently performed surgeries with both high closure rate and significant functional improvement. Preoperative BCVA was correlated with final BCVA. The minimum FTMH diameter may guide the treatment choice.

A retrospective, multicenter study on the management of macular holes without residual internal limiting membrane: the refractory macular hole (ReMaHo) study

Fiore T.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the surgical management, outcomes and prognostic factors of full thickness macular holes without residual internal limiting membrane (NO-ILM FTMHs). Methods: We performed a multicenter, retrospective study of 116 NO-ILM FTMHs. Human amniotic membrane (hAM) plug, autologous ILM free flap transplantation (AILMT), and autologous retinal graft transplantation (ART) were performed in 58, 48, and 10 patients, respectively. Data were collected before and up to 12 months after surgery. The primary outcomes were hole closure and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Results: The final BCVA (0.78 ± 0.51 logMAR) was significantly better than and correlated with the initial BCVA (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.004, respectively). Hole closure was achieved in 92% of eyes. The minimum FTMH diameter was wider and final BCVA was lower in the ART group than in the other groups (p < 0.003 and p < 0.001, respectively). FTMHs with diameter > 680 μm had a higher closure rate with hAM than with AILMT (p = 0.02). Conclusions: AILMT and hAM were the most frequently performed surgeries with both high closure rate and significant functional improvement. Preoperative BCVA was correlated with final BCVA. The minimum FTMH diameter may guide the treatment choice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1538814
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