We consider a one-period market model composed by a risk-free asset and a risky asset with n possible future values (namely, a n-nomial market model). We characterize the lower envelope of the class of equivalent martingale measures in such market model, showing that it is a belief function. Then, we reformulate a general one-period pricing problem in the framework of belief functions: this allows to model frictions in the market and can be justified in terms of partially resolving uncertainty according to Jaffray. We provide a generalized no-arbitrage condition for a generic one-period market model under partially resolving uncertainty and show that the “risk-neutral” belief function arising in the one-period n-nomial market model does not allow to satisfy such condition. Finally, we derive a generalized arbitrage-free lower pricing rule through an inner approximation of the “risk-neutral” belief function arising in the one-period n-nomial market model.

Envelopes of equivalent martingale measures and a generalized no-arbitrage principle in a finite setting

Andrea Cinfrignini;Davide Petturiti;Barbara Vantaggi
2022-01-01

Abstract

We consider a one-period market model composed by a risk-free asset and a risky asset with n possible future values (namely, a n-nomial market model). We characterize the lower envelope of the class of equivalent martingale measures in such market model, showing that it is a belief function. Then, we reformulate a general one-period pricing problem in the framework of belief functions: this allows to model frictions in the market and can be justified in terms of partially resolving uncertainty according to Jaffray. We provide a generalized no-arbitrage condition for a generic one-period market model under partially resolving uncertainty and show that the “risk-neutral” belief function arising in the one-period n-nomial market model does not allow to satisfy such condition. Finally, we derive a generalized arbitrage-free lower pricing rule through an inner approximation of the “risk-neutral” belief function arising in the one-period n-nomial market model.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1538853
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