: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is a pathological condition still characterized by high rates of mortality and disease exacerbation frequently leading to hospitalization, thus there is a continuous need for pharmacological treatments impacting on disease stability and long-term prognosis. Moreover, the phenotype of heart failure patients is continuously changing over time, and the development of new heart failure drugs is crucial to promote a personalized and targeted approach. In recent years, several therapeutic innovations have emerged in the landscape of acute and chronic HFrEF, largely changing and improving our approach to the disease. Various studies on new drugs and experimental therapeutic approaches are ongoing. The present review discusses the latest data on both recently approved drugs and developing therapeutic targets, in order to provide a critical overview for an informed and optimal approach to such a complex disease.
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