: Studying faults capable of releasing moderate-to-strong earthquakes is fundamental for seismic hazard studies, especially in a territory that was subject to the strongest peninsular Italy earthquake (1857, Mw 7.1) and hosting the largest European oil field on-land. Fieldwork-based observations in the Campania-Lucania area highlight a SSW-dipping ~ 65 km-long normal-oblique-segmented fault, showing evidence of recent activity and possibly responsible for the 1857 earthquake. It crosses the Maddalena ridge, linking separate Quaternary basins. Two seismic reflection profiles cross the fault trace where it is buried beneath the Val d'Agri Quaternary deposits. Similarities between fault-controlled small basins in the highest portion of the massifs in the study area and the neighboring 1980 Irpinia area (1980 earthquake, Mw 6.9) are interpreted as evidence of trans-ridge fault activity. Kinematic analyses and the stress field inversion provide a N032-trending near-horizontal s3-axis, the same computed in literature for the Irpinia area, highlighting a deviation from the ~N045-axis which characterizes most of the Apennines. This study demonstrates how detailed fieldwork, supported by geophysics and innovative data analysis techniques, can unravel unknown faults while giving a novel interpretation of the trans-ridge faults' style in controlling strong earthquakes, moving away from classical interpretations, and providing a helpful approach in similar contexts worldwide.

Complex trans-ridge normal faults controlling large earthquakes

Ercoli, Maurizio;Cirillo, Daniele;Carboni, Filippo;Barchi, Massimiliano R;Brozzetti, Francesco
2022

Abstract

: Studying faults capable of releasing moderate-to-strong earthquakes is fundamental for seismic hazard studies, especially in a territory that was subject to the strongest peninsular Italy earthquake (1857, Mw 7.1) and hosting the largest European oil field on-land. Fieldwork-based observations in the Campania-Lucania area highlight a SSW-dipping ~ 65 km-long normal-oblique-segmented fault, showing evidence of recent activity and possibly responsible for the 1857 earthquake. It crosses the Maddalena ridge, linking separate Quaternary basins. Two seismic reflection profiles cross the fault trace where it is buried beneath the Val d'Agri Quaternary deposits. Similarities between fault-controlled small basins in the highest portion of the massifs in the study area and the neighboring 1980 Irpinia area (1980 earthquake, Mw 6.9) are interpreted as evidence of trans-ridge fault activity. Kinematic analyses and the stress field inversion provide a N032-trending near-horizontal s3-axis, the same computed in literature for the Irpinia area, highlighting a deviation from the ~N045-axis which characterizes most of the Apennines. This study demonstrates how detailed fieldwork, supported by geophysics and innovative data analysis techniques, can unravel unknown faults while giving a novel interpretation of the trans-ridge faults' style in controlling strong earthquakes, moving away from classical interpretations, and providing a helpful approach in similar contexts worldwide.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1540493
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