: The four Janus kinase (JAK) proteins and the seven Signal Transducers of Activated Transcription (STAT) mediate intracellular signal transduction downstream of cytokine receptors, which are involved in the pathology of allergic, autoimmune, and inflammatory diseases. The development of targeted small-molecule treatments with diverse selective inhibitory profiles, such as JAK inhibitors (JAKi), has supported an important change in the treatment of multiple disorders. Indeed, JAKi inhibit intracellular signalling controlled by numerous cytokines implicated in the disease process of rheumatoid arthritis and several other inflammatory and immune diseases. Therefore, JAKi have the capacity to target multiple pathways of those diseases. Other autoimmune diseases treated with JAKi include systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, primary Sjogren's syndrome, and vasculitis. In all of these cases, innate immunity stimulation activates adaptive immunity, resulting in the production of autoreactive T cells as well as the stimulation and differentiation of B cells. Mechanism-based treatments that target JAK-STAT pathways have the possibility of improving outcomes by reducing the consumption of glucocorticoids and/or non-specific immunosuppressive drugs in the management of systemic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.

JAK inhibitors and autoimmune rheumatic diseases

Bartoloni, Elena;Perricone, Carlo
2023

Abstract

: The four Janus kinase (JAK) proteins and the seven Signal Transducers of Activated Transcription (STAT) mediate intracellular signal transduction downstream of cytokine receptors, which are involved in the pathology of allergic, autoimmune, and inflammatory diseases. The development of targeted small-molecule treatments with diverse selective inhibitory profiles, such as JAK inhibitors (JAKi), has supported an important change in the treatment of multiple disorders. Indeed, JAKi inhibit intracellular signalling controlled by numerous cytokines implicated in the disease process of rheumatoid arthritis and several other inflammatory and immune diseases. Therefore, JAKi have the capacity to target multiple pathways of those diseases. Other autoimmune diseases treated with JAKi include systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, primary Sjogren's syndrome, and vasculitis. In all of these cases, innate immunity stimulation activates adaptive immunity, resulting in the production of autoreactive T cells as well as the stimulation and differentiation of B cells. Mechanism-based treatments that target JAK-STAT pathways have the possibility of improving outcomes by reducing the consumption of glucocorticoids and/or non-specific immunosuppressive drugs in the management of systemic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1542018
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact