This paper proposes a new sustainable earth–cement building composite with multifunctional sensing features and investigates its properties through an experimental campaign. Earth and cement are proportioned as 2/7 in volume, while carbon microfibers are added in various amounts to achieve piezoresistivity, ranging from 0 to 1% with respect to the weight of the binder (i.e., earth + cement). The proposed material couples the construction performance with self-sensing properties in order to monitor the structural performance during the servile life of the building. The use of earth in the partial replacement of cement reduces the environmental footprint of the material while keeping sufficient mechanical properties, at least for applications that do not require a large load-bearing capacity (e.g., for plasters or for low-rise constructions). This paper analyzes the electrical and sensing behavior of cubic and beam samples through electrical and electromechanical tests. The results show that the samples with a filler percentage near the percolation zone, ranged between 0.025 and 0.25%, exhibit the best performance. From the cyclical compressive tests and linear developed models, it could be deduced that the filler content of 0.05% of carbon fibers, with respect to the binder weight, represents the best-performing smart composite for further investigation at higher scales. As demonstrated, the selected mix generated clear strain-sensing electrical signals, reaching gauge factors over 100.

Self-Sensing Eco-Earth Composite with Carbon Microfibers for Sustainable Smart Buildings

Birgin H. B.;D'Alessandro A.
;
Meoni A.;Ubertini F.
2023

Abstract

This paper proposes a new sustainable earth–cement building composite with multifunctional sensing features and investigates its properties through an experimental campaign. Earth and cement are proportioned as 2/7 in volume, while carbon microfibers are added in various amounts to achieve piezoresistivity, ranging from 0 to 1% with respect to the weight of the binder (i.e., earth + cement). The proposed material couples the construction performance with self-sensing properties in order to monitor the structural performance during the servile life of the building. The use of earth in the partial replacement of cement reduces the environmental footprint of the material while keeping sufficient mechanical properties, at least for applications that do not require a large load-bearing capacity (e.g., for plasters or for low-rise constructions). This paper analyzes the electrical and sensing behavior of cubic and beam samples through electrical and electromechanical tests. The results show that the samples with a filler percentage near the percolation zone, ranged between 0.025 and 0.25%, exhibit the best performance. From the cyclical compressive tests and linear developed models, it could be deduced that the filler content of 0.05% of carbon fibers, with respect to the binder weight, represents the best-performing smart composite for further investigation at higher scales. As demonstrated, the selected mix generated clear strain-sensing electrical signals, reaching gauge factors over 100.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1543577
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