: Abdominal actinomycosis refers to a rare chronic suppurative infectious occurrence, caused by filamentous Gram-positive microaerophilic and anaerobic bacteria Actinomyces, that may appear as an abdominal mass and/or abscess, feasibly mimicking a malignancy 1,2. Due to its rarity and unspecific clinical evidence, the majority of cases are diagnosed after tissue specimen. We hereby report a case of a 69-year-old patient with a one week worsening abdominal pain and swelling. A large tender palpable mass in the epigastric region was noted on physical exam. An ultrasound-guided drainage followed by a surgical excision approach became both a way to confirm the diagnosis and a therapeutic tool. Diagnosis of actinomycosis was made on histopathology and microbiology. Even though the incidence of actinomycosis has decreased, the abdominal presentation has been observed with increasing frequency 3. KEY WORDS: Actinomycosis, Abdominal wall, Abdominal abscess, foreign-body reaction, Colonic neoplasms.
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