Mixed carbonate-siliciclastic rocks were particularly widespread during the Furongian (late Cambrian), a critical time interval marked by biotic turnovers, extinction events and carbon cycle perturbations. In this context, the Zagros Basin (SW Iran) is a key area for the study of this time interval due to the well-exposed mixed carbonate-siliciclastic successions. Nevertheless, these are still poorly constrained from a sedimentological point of view. The current study aims to contribute to the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Zagros Basin during the Furongian through high-resolution facies and microfacies analysis of the Tang-e-Ilbeyk section. The latter includes, in ascending order, the upper Mila C Member and Ilbeyk Formation. The facies and microfacies analysis recognized six facies associations, representing different settings of a mixed carbonate-siliciclastic ramp at the north-eastern Gondwanan margin. The vertical stacking pattern of these facies associations revealed five medium-scale Transgressive-Regressive cycles, superimposed by larger-scale sequences. In particular, during the latest Miaolingian (formerly late middle Cambrian) to early Furongian, a climate change from arid to humid conditions caused a major regressive event with the progradation of clastic shorelines and the following pollution and drowning of the Mila C Member's carbonate factory. The latter was replaced by a storm-dominated siliciclastic shelf (Ilbeyk Formation) that, throughout middle/late Furongian, experienced a large-scale transgressive event, culminating with a maximum flooding interval. A significant forced regression occurred in the latest Furongian when shallow water conditions were re-established (uppermost Ilbeyk Formation). The palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of this study allowed correlation with other coeval depositional events at regional (Arabian plate) and global (Laurentia and Baltica) scales, contributing to new constraints for the lower Palaeozoic evolution of north-eastern Gondwana
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