Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a class of smart materials that exhibit a macroscopic contraction of up to 5% when heated via an electric current. This effect can be exploited for the development of novel unconventional actuators. Despite having many features such as compactness, lightweight, and high energy density, commercial SMA wires are characterized by a highly nonlinear behavior, which manifests itself as a load-, temperature-, and rate-dependent hysteresis exhibiting a complex shape and minor loops. Accurate modeling and compensation of such hysteresis are fundamental for the development of high-performance SMA applications. In this work, we propose a new dynamical model to describe the complex hysteresis of polycrystalline SMA wires. The approach is based on a reformulation of the Muller-Achenbach-Seelecke model for uniaxial SMA wires within a hybrid dynamical framework. In this way, we can significantly reduce the numerical complexity and computation time without losing accuracy and physical interpretability. After describing the model, an extensive experimental validation campaign is carried out on a 75-mu m diameter SMA wire specimen. The new hybrid model will pave the development of hybrid controllers and observers for SMA actuators.

A Physics-Based Hybrid Dynamical Model of Hysteresis in Polycrystalline Shape Memory Alloy Wire Transducers

Ferrante, F;
2023

Abstract

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a class of smart materials that exhibit a macroscopic contraction of up to 5% when heated via an electric current. This effect can be exploited for the development of novel unconventional actuators. Despite having many features such as compactness, lightweight, and high energy density, commercial SMA wires are characterized by a highly nonlinear behavior, which manifests itself as a load-, temperature-, and rate-dependent hysteresis exhibiting a complex shape and minor loops. Accurate modeling and compensation of such hysteresis are fundamental for the development of high-performance SMA applications. In this work, we propose a new dynamical model to describe the complex hysteresis of polycrystalline SMA wires. The approach is based on a reformulation of the Muller-Achenbach-Seelecke model for uniaxial SMA wires within a hybrid dynamical framework. In this way, we can significantly reduce the numerical complexity and computation time without losing accuracy and physical interpretability. After describing the model, an extensive experimental validation campaign is carried out on a 75-mu m diameter SMA wire specimen. The new hybrid model will pave the development of hybrid controllers and observers for SMA actuators.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1549203
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