There is an utmost need for rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of bacteria causing bloodstream infections (BSI). The dRAST (QuantaMatrix Inc., Seoul) is a commercial method that can be performed directly from positive blood cultures. The present study aims to evaluate the performance of the dRAST on prospective clinical blood culture samples. A sample prescreening algorithm based on clinical routine was used to choose relevant clinical positive blood culture samples for testing on the dRAST. Rapid identification via short-term culture followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was used during the test run, and dRAST results were compared to European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) disk diffusion as the reference method. The performance of the dRAST was also evaluated on selected multidrug resistant (MDR) isolates in simulated blood cultures. Using the sample pre-screening algorithm, 242 clinical blood culture samples were selected and tested on the dRAST, of which 200 (82.6%) gave valid AST tests results comprising 76 Gram-positive and 124 Gram-negative samples. AST measurements from the dRAST and disk diffusion from clinical samples had an overall agreement rate of 95.5%. When using simulated blood culture samples of 31 selected MDR isolates, the agreement between dRAST and disk diffusion was 87.2%. While the agreement rates were high, it was noted that the dRAST was not reliable for AST of certain antibiotic-bacteria combinations. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that dRAST delivers rapid AST results from blood cultures and using a prescreening algorithm for sample selection is important in implementation of modern AST methods such as dRAST.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.