Coupled gypsum dissolution-calcium carbonate precipitation experiments were performed in closed system reactors and in the presence of either aqueous 0.1M Na2CO3, 0.1M NaHCO3 or 0.1M Na2CO3 + 0.2M NaOH solutions. Gypsum dissolved immediately at the start of each experiment provoking the precipitation sequentially of vaterite, calcite and trace aragonite. Fine-grained amorphous carbon carbonate may also be present shortly after each experiment began. Each experiment approached equilibrium within 119 h leading to the maximum possible transformation of gypsum to calcite over this time frame. The rapid transformation of gypsum to calcite in these experiments suggests a similar rapid transformation of gypsum or anhydrite into calcite could occur during subsurface carbon storage efforts where evaporites are present. Evaporite deposits could thus potentially be used for carbonation if sufficient alkalinity is available to neutralize the acid liberated by the gypsum carbonation reaction. Due to a negative volume of the gypsum or anhydrite to calcite transformation, however, the carbonation of these minerals will potentially damage the integrity of evaporite caprocks.
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