Deoxydehydration (DODH) reaction of glycerol (GL) and 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PD), in ionic liquids (ILs), catalyzed by methyltrioxorhenium (MTO) and Re2O7, was studied in detail. To better understand the ability of ILs to improve the catalytic performance of the rhenium catalyst, several experiments, employing eight different cations and two different anions, were carried out. Among the anions, bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (TFSI) appears to be more appropriate than PF6-, for its relatively lower volatility of the resulting IL. Regarding the choice of the most appropriate cation, the presence of a single aromatic ring seems to be a necessary requirement for a satisfying and convenient reactivity. With the aim to extend the recyclability of the catalyst, experiments involving the readdition of polyol to the terminal reaction mixture were carried out. Worthy of interest is the fact that the presence of the IL prevents the inertization process of the catalyst, allowing us to obtain the alkene also after a readdition of fresh polyol.
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