Structural identification is one of the most important steps when dealing with historic buildings. Knowledge of the parameters, which define the mechanical properties of these kinds of structures, is fundamental in preparing interventions aimed at their restoration and strengthening, especially if they have suffered damage due to strong events. In particular, by using non‐destructive techniques it is possible to estimate the mechanical characteristics of load‐bearing structures without compromising the artistic value of the monumental buildings. In this paper, after recalling the main theoretical aspects, the use of elastic waves propagation through impact tests for the characterization of the masonry walls of a monumental building is described. The impact test allowed us to estimate the elastic characteristics of the homogeneous solid equivalent to masonry material. This confirms the great potential of the non‐destructive diagnostics suitable for analyzing important structural parameters without affecting the preservation of historical masonry structures.
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