During the Permian-Triassic transition, dramatic environmental changes occurred, including the segmentation of Pangaea and the beginning of the Alpine orogenic cycle with widespread magmatism and tectonic activity. The Permian-Triassic succession deposited in the northern (palaeo-) Gondwana is now exposed in the inner Northern Apennines where it crops out discontinuously in the Middle Tuscan Ridge, a NS-oriented morphotectonic feature mainly formed by blue-schist and green-schist facies metamorphic rocks. In this paper, we describe a previously unreported late Palaeozoic succession exposed in the central part of the Middle Tuscan Ridge: the Montagnola Senese Ridge. This succession provides information concerning the enigmatic late Palaeozoic units exposed in southern Tuscany, and permits the age constraint of continentalization at the Permian-Triassic boundary with associated magmatism. Specifically, by integrating stratigraphic, structural, and petrographic data, we describe a siliciclastic, volcanoclastic-to-carbonate succession which recorded the transition from marine sedimentation to the typical continental, red-beds of the Verrucano tectofacies. Additionally, deformational features, metamorphism and age of the succession are discussed in terms of its tectono-sedimentary evolution and implications for the Palaeozoic-Triassic setting of the central Pangaea sector currently exposed in southern Tuscany. The results allow us to recognize a middle-late Permian pre-Verrucano succession, and to date the transition to continental facies as latest Permian. The microflora permits correlation of the pre-Verrucano succession to the late Palaeozoic units of the inner Northern Apennines, and establishes the diachronous nature of the Verrucano tectofacies exposed in the inner Northern Apennines. Finally, the thermal maturity of the organic matter indicates a maximum temperature of 387 ± 30°C attained during metamorphism.

The Permian-Triassic succession of the Montagnola Senese Ridge (Middle Tuscan Ridge, Italy): a perspective for late Palaeozoic magmatism and continentalisation in the western Tethys

Spina, Amalia;Sorci, Andrea;Cirilli, Simonetta
2024

Abstract

During the Permian-Triassic transition, dramatic environmental changes occurred, including the segmentation of Pangaea and the beginning of the Alpine orogenic cycle with widespread magmatism and tectonic activity. The Permian-Triassic succession deposited in the northern (palaeo-) Gondwana is now exposed in the inner Northern Apennines where it crops out discontinuously in the Middle Tuscan Ridge, a NS-oriented morphotectonic feature mainly formed by blue-schist and green-schist facies metamorphic rocks. In this paper, we describe a previously unreported late Palaeozoic succession exposed in the central part of the Middle Tuscan Ridge: the Montagnola Senese Ridge. This succession provides information concerning the enigmatic late Palaeozoic units exposed in southern Tuscany, and permits the age constraint of continentalization at the Permian-Triassic boundary with associated magmatism. Specifically, by integrating stratigraphic, structural, and petrographic data, we describe a siliciclastic, volcanoclastic-to-carbonate succession which recorded the transition from marine sedimentation to the typical continental, red-beds of the Verrucano tectofacies. Additionally, deformational features, metamorphism and age of the succession are discussed in terms of its tectono-sedimentary evolution and implications for the Palaeozoic-Triassic setting of the central Pangaea sector currently exposed in southern Tuscany. The results allow us to recognize a middle-late Permian pre-Verrucano succession, and to date the transition to continental facies as latest Permian. The microflora permits correlation of the pre-Verrucano succession to the late Palaeozoic units of the inner Northern Apennines, and establishes the diachronous nature of the Verrucano tectofacies exposed in the inner Northern Apennines. Finally, the thermal maturity of the organic matter indicates a maximum temperature of 387 ± 30°C attained during metamorphism.
2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1551535
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