Lead-free lithium niobate (LiNbO3) piezoelectric transducer is considered as a substitute to lead-based solutions for vibrational energy scavenging applications. Taking into account the much lower dielectric constant of LiNbO3 crystal compared to conventional piezoce-ramics (for instance PZT), we implement, in a global optimization approach, a thick single crystal film on silicon substrate with optimized clamped capacitance for better impedance matching conditions. We design a piezoelectric cantilever based on (YXl)/36 degrees LiNbO3 cut, enhancing the output voltage to achieve piezoelectric transducer performance compatible with harvesting device standards. For a cantilever with bending first resonant frequency of 1.14 kHz, an output power up to 380 mu W is achieved, yielding a power density of 8.26 mu W.mm(2), therefore comparable to lead-based and-free piezoelectric harvesters, while featuring a widely used material with well-established production process (hence lowering the cost for instance). The harvesting capabilities of the device allows starting a sensor node (from zero energy initial conditions) after 9 s only and then maintaining the possibility of sending data every 2 s (each transmission event consuming approximately 420 mu J) under continuous excitation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

LiNbO3 films – A low-cost alternative lead-free piezoelectric material for vibrational energy harvesters

Giacomo Clementi
;
2021

Abstract

Lead-free lithium niobate (LiNbO3) piezoelectric transducer is considered as a substitute to lead-based solutions for vibrational energy scavenging applications. Taking into account the much lower dielectric constant of LiNbO3 crystal compared to conventional piezoce-ramics (for instance PZT), we implement, in a global optimization approach, a thick single crystal film on silicon substrate with optimized clamped capacitance for better impedance matching conditions. We design a piezoelectric cantilever based on (YXl)/36 degrees LiNbO3 cut, enhancing the output voltage to achieve piezoelectric transducer performance compatible with harvesting device standards. For a cantilever with bending first resonant frequency of 1.14 kHz, an output power up to 380 mu W is achieved, yielding a power density of 8.26 mu W.mm(2), therefore comparable to lead-based and-free piezoelectric harvesters, while featuring a widely used material with well-established production process (hence lowering the cost for instance). The harvesting capabilities of the device allows starting a sensor node (from zero energy initial conditions) after 9 s only and then maintaining the possibility of sending data every 2 s (each transmission event consuming approximately 420 mu J) under continuous excitation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1551818
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