Orthogonal graph drawings are used in applications such as UML diagrams, VLSI layout, cable plans, and metro maps. We focus on drawing planar graphs and assume that we are given an that describes the desired shape, but not the exact coordinates of a drawing. Our aim is to compute an orthogonal drawing on the grid that has minimum area among all grid drawings that adhere to the given orthogonal representation. This problem is called orthogonal compaction (OC) and is known to be NP-hard, even for orthogonal representations of cycles [Evans et al. 2022]. We investigate the complexity of OC with respect to several parameters. Among others, we show that OC is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the most natural of these parameters, namely, the number of of the orthogonal representation: the presence of pairs of kitty corners in an orthogonal representation makes the OC problem hard. Informally speaking, a pair of kitty corners is a pair of reflex corners of a face that point at each other. Accordingly, the number of kitty corners is the number of corners that are involved in some pair of kitty corners.

### Parameterized Approaches to Orthogonal Compaction

#### Abstract

Orthogonal graph drawings are used in applications such as UML diagrams, VLSI layout, cable plans, and metro maps. We focus on drawing planar graphs and assume that we are given an that describes the desired shape, but not the exact coordinates of a drawing. Our aim is to compute an orthogonal drawing on the grid that has minimum area among all grid drawings that adhere to the given orthogonal representation. This problem is called orthogonal compaction (OC) and is known to be NP-hard, even for orthogonal representations of cycles [Evans et al. 2022]. We investigate the complexity of OC with respect to several parameters. Among others, we show that OC is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the most natural of these parameters, namely, the number of of the orthogonal representation: the presence of pairs of kitty corners in an orthogonal representation makes the OC problem hard. Informally speaking, a pair of kitty corners is a pair of reflex corners of a face that point at each other. Accordingly, the number of kitty corners is the number of corners that are involved in some pair of kitty corners.
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2023
978-3-031-23100-1
978-3-031-23101-8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1553151`
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