Aims: This joint document of the Italian Society of Nephrology and the Italian Diabetes Society reviews the main indications to perform a renal biopsy in diabetic patients, according to the recommendations of a panel of experts based on all available scientific evidence.Data synthesis: Renal biopsy has a pivotal role in assessing the nature and severity of renal injury in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The procedure is mandatory in the presence of one of more of the following features: rapid onset or progression of albuminuria or sudden onset of nephrotic syndrome, rapid GFR decline with or without albuminuria, hematuria, active urine sediment, clinical and/or laboratory suspicion of other systemic diseases, and, in patients with type 1 diabetes, short diabetes duration and absence of retinopathy. Indeed, similar to 40% of diabetic individuals with kidney injury undergoing renal biopsy are affected by a non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD). Furthermore, the histological evaluation of patients with suspected classical diabetic nephropathy allows to define the extent of glomerular, tubulo-interstitial and vascular lesions, thus providing important prognostic (and potentially therapeutic) data. In the future, the indications for renal biopsy might be extended to the definition of the histological lesions underlying the "nonalbuminuric" DKD phenotypes, as well as to the evaluation of the response to treatment with the new anti-hyperglycemic drugs that provide cardiorenal protection.Conclusions: In view of the heterogeneous clinical presentation and course of DKD and of the related heterogeneous histopathological patterns, a more extensive use of renal biopsy may be crucial to provide valuable information with important pathogenic, diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. (C) 2020 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.