Objectives: The aim of this study was to report on in vitro tests of antibacterial activity of ceftazidime/avibactam in combination against planktonic or biofilm KPC carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp), the rate of KPC-Kp blood isolates in University of Perugia Hospital over a 5-year period, and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Methods: The antibacterial activity of ceftazidime/avibactam in combination with other antimicrobials was assessed against planktonic and biofilm bacteria by Etest and checkerboard assay. A retrospective review of laboratory data was performed to evaluate the rate of KPC-Kp from blood samples and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Results: Between 2014 and 2019, 130/4241 (3.1%) KPC-Kp were identified from blood cultures. Their rate increased from 2.3% in 2014–2015 to 4.5% over the last 3 years. Overall, 4.6% (6/130) of KPC-Kp isolates were susceptible to meropenem, 65.4% (85/130) to colistin, 65.1% (84/129) to tigecycline, 34.6% (45/130) to amikacin, 36.2% (42/116) to gentamicin, 40.2% (39/97) to fosfomycin and 91.5% (65/71) to ceftazidime/avibactam. Five of six ceftazidime/avibactam-resistant KPC-Kp were isolated from patients not treated with ceftazidime/avibactam. Synergism was detected both by Etest and checkerboard assay for the combination of ceftazidime/avibactam plus meropenem against planktonic isolates, whilst lower bactericidal activity was observed in biofilm KPC-Kp isolates. Conclusions: Our in vitro data suggest that the combination of ceftazidime/avibactam plus meropenem has a synergistic antibacterial activity against planktonic bacteria, whilst a lower activity was detected against biofilm, suggesting worse clinical outcomes whenever biofilm infections are present. Further analyses are required to confirm these results before extending them to clinical practice.

In vitro antibacterial activity of ceftazidime/avibactam in combination against planktonic and biofilm carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from blood

Papalini C.;Sabbatini S.;Monari C.;Mencacci A.;Francisci D.;Perito S.;Pasticci M. B.
2020

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to report on in vitro tests of antibacterial activity of ceftazidime/avibactam in combination against planktonic or biofilm KPC carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp), the rate of KPC-Kp blood isolates in University of Perugia Hospital over a 5-year period, and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Methods: The antibacterial activity of ceftazidime/avibactam in combination with other antimicrobials was assessed against planktonic and biofilm bacteria by Etest and checkerboard assay. A retrospective review of laboratory data was performed to evaluate the rate of KPC-Kp from blood samples and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Results: Between 2014 and 2019, 130/4241 (3.1%) KPC-Kp were identified from blood cultures. Their rate increased from 2.3% in 2014–2015 to 4.5% over the last 3 years. Overall, 4.6% (6/130) of KPC-Kp isolates were susceptible to meropenem, 65.4% (85/130) to colistin, 65.1% (84/129) to tigecycline, 34.6% (45/130) to amikacin, 36.2% (42/116) to gentamicin, 40.2% (39/97) to fosfomycin and 91.5% (65/71) to ceftazidime/avibactam. Five of six ceftazidime/avibactam-resistant KPC-Kp were isolated from patients not treated with ceftazidime/avibactam. Synergism was detected both by Etest and checkerboard assay for the combination of ceftazidime/avibactam plus meropenem against planktonic isolates, whilst lower bactericidal activity was observed in biofilm KPC-Kp isolates. Conclusions: Our in vitro data suggest that the combination of ceftazidime/avibactam plus meropenem has a synergistic antibacterial activity against planktonic bacteria, whilst a lower activity was detected against biofilm, suggesting worse clinical outcomes whenever biofilm infections are present. Further analyses are required to confirm these results before extending them to clinical practice.
2020
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1554058
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact