Water hammer is a transient flow phenomenon generated in a pipeline, when there is a sudden change in velocity, due to the closing of valves. This is particularly important for plants based on complicated hydraulic circuits and piping, to avoid malfunctioning in the urban sewer network. In this study, the effect of a set of parameters: length, diameter and material of the pipe with and without surge tank on transient pressure is investigated by using the software HAMMER V8i. The results show that the maximum Transient Pressure is strongly influenced by an increase of 41.24% of the pipe diameter when the Surge Tank is not present. When the surge tank is inserted the transient pressure increases only of about 12.2%. So the surge tank can have a positive influence on the entire network. Moreover, the increase in the length will lead to a decrease in the Total Pressure of about 10% without Surge Tank and of 8.62% with Surge Tank. While the change in the roughness coefficient of the material used for the pipes will cause a decrease in the Total Pressure of about 42.6%, without Surge tank, and of 12.2% with Surge Tank.
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