Deep comprehension of wind farm performance is a complicated task due to the multivariate dependence of wind turbine power on environmental variables and working parameters and to the intrinsic limitations in the quality of SCADA-collected measurements. Given this, the objective of this study is to propose an integrated approach based on SCADA data and Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations, which is aimed at wind farm performance analysis. The selected test case is a wind farm situated in southern Italy, where two wind turbines had an apparent underperformance. The concept of a space-time comparison at the wind farm level is leveraged by analyzing the operation curves of the wind turbines and by comparing the simulated average wind field against the measured one, where each wind turbine is treated like a virtual meteorological mast. The employed formulation for the CFD simulations is Reynolds-Average Navier-Stokes (RANS). In this work, it is shown that, based on the above approach, it has been possible to identify an anemometer bias at a wind turbine, which has subsequently been fixed. The results of this work affirm that a deep comprehension of wind farm performance requires a non-trivial space-time comparison, of which CFD simulations can be a fundamental part.
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