The aim of this study is to define the importance of peritoneal CEA (pCEA) as a prognostic factor of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in gastric cancer (GC) patients surgically treated with a curative intent In our department. A total of 64 patients affected by gastric cancer with intraoperatively measurement of CEA on peritoneal lavage were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups: (A) the peritoneal lavage CEA ( -) with CEA < 0.5 ng/ml and (B) the peritoneal lavage CEA ( +) with CEA & GE; 0.5 ng/ml. Then we analyzed OS and DFS of the two groups correlating them to others clinico-pathological features. Furthermore, we investigated the correlation between pCEA and peritoneal cytology. We demonstrated a strong significant difference in OS and in DFS in CEA ( +) patients. We emphasized that pCEA had a strong survival impact, in both OS and DFS, in selected patients affected by diffuse histotype GC (p = 0.0048 and p = 0.0030 respectively), stage III (p = 0.015 and p = 0.021, respectively) and distal gastric cancer (p = 0.0036 and p = 0.0017, respectively). There is a strong need to recognize prognostic factors that can help clinicians to stratify patients at high risk to develop post-surgical recurrences and moreover to recognize who could benefit from an aggressive surgical treatment of cytoreductive surgery and intra-peritoneal chemotherapy.pCEA is a good predictor of survival in advanced gastric cancer and could discriminate which patients need a more accurate follow-up program and an intensive therapeutic strategy.
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