The aim of this research is to investigate the environmental wellbeing of children in urban outdoor environments by developing and testing a new wearable device called the Baby c-air. Children are particularly vulnerable to environmental discomfort due to their physiological characteristics and lack of awareness about their own adaptation capabilities. This vulnerability can lead to childhood diseases and health issues, especially when exposed to overheating or continuous pollutants. Portable monitoring devices, such as the Baby c-air, can assess children's environmental exposure and provide timely information to limit their health risks.The study involved testing two prototypes of the Baby c-air under laboratory and in-field conditions to verify the accuracy of the device in collecting data. An experimental campaign involving 122 children was conducted in Italy during the summer, across four playgrounds. The option of integrating the COMFA-kid model for thermal comfort assessment was evaluated. The results indicated that microclimate peculiarities underline the importance of a human-centric approach for properly addressing environmental exposure. The discrepancies between thermal sensations provided by interviewed parents/tutors and predicted thermal sensations derived by the COMFA-kid model suggest that adults are generally weakly aware of children's thermal conditions.The Baby c-air can support children's adaptation potential and drive accompanying persons towards implementing conscious behaviors or moving to those areas with better environmental quality. The outcomes of this study can contribute towards urban outdoor design guidelines to improve children's well-being.
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