Halide alloying in tin-based perovskites allows for photostable bandgap tuning between 1.3 and 2.2 eV. Here, we elucidate how the band edge energetics and associated defect activity impact the optoelectronic properties of this class of materials. We find that by increasing the bromide:iodide ratio, a simultaneous destabilization of acceptor defects (tin vacancies and iodine interstitials) and stabilization of donor defects (iodine vacancies and tin interstitials) occurs, with strong changes arising for Br contents exceeding 50%. This translates into a decreased doping which is, however, accompanied by a higher density of nonradiative recombination channels. Films with high Br content show a high degree of disorder and trap state densities, with the best optoelectronic quality being found for Br contents of around 33%. These observations match the open circuit voltage trend of tin-based mixed halide perovskite solar cells, supporting the relevance of optoelectronic properties and chemistry of defects to optimize wide-bandgap tin perovskite devices.

How Halide Alloying Influences the Optoelectronic Quality in Tin-Halide Perovskite Solar Absorbers

Luca Gregori;Filippo De Angelis;
2023

Abstract

Halide alloying in tin-based perovskites allows for photostable bandgap tuning between 1.3 and 2.2 eV. Here, we elucidate how the band edge energetics and associated defect activity impact the optoelectronic properties of this class of materials. We find that by increasing the bromide:iodide ratio, a simultaneous destabilization of acceptor defects (tin vacancies and iodine interstitials) and stabilization of donor defects (iodine vacancies and tin interstitials) occurs, with strong changes arising for Br contents exceeding 50%. This translates into a decreased doping which is, however, accompanied by a higher density of nonradiative recombination channels. Films with high Br content show a high degree of disorder and trap state densities, with the best optoelectronic quality being found for Br contents of around 33%. These observations match the open circuit voltage trend of tin-based mixed halide perovskite solar cells, supporting the relevance of optoelectronic properties and chemistry of defects to optimize wide-bandgap tin perovskite devices.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1564244
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact