Simple Summary Concurrence of pregnancy and cancer diagnosis is an uncommon but not rare event: about 1 pregnancy-associated cancer (PAC) out of 1000 pregnancies is the estimation currently available. This frequency is growing due to postponing childbearing to age groups more at risk of cancer. Interest in this topic is both epidemiological and clinical: improvement of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques makes management of cancer increasingly compatible with pregnancy. The occurrence of PAC challenges women and clinicians who need to manage the two events, safeguarding fetal outcomes without changing the maternal prognosis. This retrospective study aims to provide estimates for PAC and its time trend in Italy by analyzing cross-referenced data from population-based cancer registries and hospital discharges. The proposed methodology is applicable to other populations with available data from Cancer Registries linkable at an individual level with hospitalizations.Abstract The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and trend of pregnancy-associated cancer (PAC) in Italy, an increasingly relevant phenomenon due to postponing age at childbirth. To this purpose, a population-based retrospective longitudinal study design based on cohorts of women aged 15-49 diagnosed with cancer and concomitant pregnancy is proposed. The study uses 19 population-based Cancer Registries, covering about 22% of Italy, and linked at an individual level with Hospital Discharge Records. A total of 2,861,437 pregnancies and 3559 PAC are identified from 74,165 women of the cohort with a rate of 1.24 PAC per 1000 pregnancies. The most frequent cancer site is breast (24.3%), followed by thyroid (23.9%) and melanoma (14.3%). The most frequent outcome is delivery (53.1%), followed by voluntary termination of pregnancy and spontaneous abortion (both 12.0%). The trend of PAC increased from 2003 to 2015, especially when the outcome is delivery, thus confirming a new attitude of clinicians to manage cancer throughout pregnancy. This represents the first attempt in Italy to describe PAC from Cancer Registries data; the methodology is applicable to other areas with the same data availability. Evidence from this study is addressed to clinicians for improving clinical management of women with PAC.

Cancer and Pregnancy: Estimates in Italy from Record-Linkage Procedures between Cancer Registries and the Hospital Discharge Database

Bianconi, Fortunato;Stracci, Fabrizio;
2023

Abstract

Simple Summary Concurrence of pregnancy and cancer diagnosis is an uncommon but not rare event: about 1 pregnancy-associated cancer (PAC) out of 1000 pregnancies is the estimation currently available. This frequency is growing due to postponing childbearing to age groups more at risk of cancer. Interest in this topic is both epidemiological and clinical: improvement of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques makes management of cancer increasingly compatible with pregnancy. The occurrence of PAC challenges women and clinicians who need to manage the two events, safeguarding fetal outcomes without changing the maternal prognosis. This retrospective study aims to provide estimates for PAC and its time trend in Italy by analyzing cross-referenced data from population-based cancer registries and hospital discharges. The proposed methodology is applicable to other populations with available data from Cancer Registries linkable at an individual level with hospitalizations.Abstract The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and trend of pregnancy-associated cancer (PAC) in Italy, an increasingly relevant phenomenon due to postponing age at childbirth. To this purpose, a population-based retrospective longitudinal study design based on cohorts of women aged 15-49 diagnosed with cancer and concomitant pregnancy is proposed. The study uses 19 population-based Cancer Registries, covering about 22% of Italy, and linked at an individual level with Hospital Discharge Records. A total of 2,861,437 pregnancies and 3559 PAC are identified from 74,165 women of the cohort with a rate of 1.24 PAC per 1000 pregnancies. The most frequent cancer site is breast (24.3%), followed by thyroid (23.9%) and melanoma (14.3%). The most frequent outcome is delivery (53.1%), followed by voluntary termination of pregnancy and spontaneous abortion (both 12.0%). The trend of PAC increased from 2003 to 2015, especially when the outcome is delivery, thus confirming a new attitude of clinicians to manage cancer throughout pregnancy. This represents the first attempt in Italy to describe PAC from Cancer Registries data; the methodology is applicable to other areas with the same data availability. Evidence from this study is addressed to clinicians for improving clinical management of women with PAC.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1565200
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