Objectives: To describe clinical characteristics of patients with Still's disease treated with methotrexate (MTX) and to assess drug effectiveness evaluating change in disease activity, reduction of inflammatory markers, and glucocorticoid (GC)-sparing effect. Methods: Patients with Still's disease treated with MTX were assessed among those included in AIDA Network Still Disease Registry.Results: In this registry, 171 patients with Still's disease were treated with MTX (males 43.3%, age 37.1 & PLUSMN; 16.0 years). They were mainly characterised by joint features and fever without a prominent multiorgan involvement. MTX was administered with GCs in 68.4% of patients, with other conventional synthetic DMARDs in 6.4%, and with biologic DMARDs in 25.1%. A significant reduction of the modified systemic score was observed, and 38.6% patients were codified as being in clinical remission at the end of follow-up. The concomitant administration of a biologic DMARD resulted a predictor of the clinical remission. Furthermore, a reduction of inflammatory markers and ferritin levels was observed following the administration of MTX. Additionally, a marked reduction of the dosage of concomitant GCs was identified, while 36.7% discontinued such drugs. Male gender appeared as a predictor of GC discontinuation. MTX was discontinued in 12.3% of patients because of adverse effects, and in 12.3% for lack of efficacy.Conclusions: Clinical characteristics of patients with Still's disease treated with MTX were described, mainly joint features and fever without a prominent multiorgan involvement. The clinical usefulness of MTX was reported in reducing the disease activity, decreasing the inflammatory markers, and as GC-sparing agent.

The administration of methotrexate in patients with Still's disease, "real-life" findings from AIDA Network Still Disease Registry

Bartoloni, Elena;
2023

Abstract

Objectives: To describe clinical characteristics of patients with Still's disease treated with methotrexate (MTX) and to assess drug effectiveness evaluating change in disease activity, reduction of inflammatory markers, and glucocorticoid (GC)-sparing effect. Methods: Patients with Still's disease treated with MTX were assessed among those included in AIDA Network Still Disease Registry.Results: In this registry, 171 patients with Still's disease were treated with MTX (males 43.3%, age 37.1 & PLUSMN; 16.0 years). They were mainly characterised by joint features and fever without a prominent multiorgan involvement. MTX was administered with GCs in 68.4% of patients, with other conventional synthetic DMARDs in 6.4%, and with biologic DMARDs in 25.1%. A significant reduction of the modified systemic score was observed, and 38.6% patients were codified as being in clinical remission at the end of follow-up. The concomitant administration of a biologic DMARD resulted a predictor of the clinical remission. Furthermore, a reduction of inflammatory markers and ferritin levels was observed following the administration of MTX. Additionally, a marked reduction of the dosage of concomitant GCs was identified, while 36.7% discontinued such drugs. Male gender appeared as a predictor of GC discontinuation. MTX was discontinued in 12.3% of patients because of adverse effects, and in 12.3% for lack of efficacy.Conclusions: Clinical characteristics of patients with Still's disease treated with MTX were described, mainly joint features and fever without a prominent multiorgan involvement. The clinical usefulness of MTX was reported in reducing the disease activity, decreasing the inflammatory markers, and as GC-sparing agent.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566085
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