: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterised by the T-cell-mediated hyperactivation of B-cells and cytokine production. The condition may evolve from an asymptomatic, indolent course, with glandular involvement, to extra-glandular systemic manifestations up to lymphoma development. On tissue level, the typical feature is the lymphocytic infiltration of the salivary gland by B-, T- and antigen presenting cells, as mirrored by the diagnostic cornerstone role of minor salivary gland (MSG) biopsy. Recently, increasing research focused on the investigation of mechanisms underlying the complex pathogenesis of the disease and highlighted the multi-factorial nature of SS consisting of concomitant involvement of environmental, genetic, neuroendocrine and immune factors. In particular, many aspects have been investigated regarding genetic and epigenetics, the role of specific B- and T-cell phenotypes and the investigation of disease-specific biomarkers as predictors of disease development, activity, and lymphomagenesis. Surely, a deeper understanding of these multiple mechanisms may facilitate earlier diagnosis, enable subphenotyping of patients and open novel therapeutic possibilities to address the unmet needs of the disease in the upcoming years.In this review, following the others of this series, we will summarise the most recent literature on pSS pathogenesis and clinical features focusing in particular on new insights into pSS molecular stratification and therapeutic advances in the era of precision medicine.

Sjögren's syndrome: one year in review 2023

Dal Pozzolo, Roberto;Bartoloni, Elena
2023

Abstract

: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterised by the T-cell-mediated hyperactivation of B-cells and cytokine production. The condition may evolve from an asymptomatic, indolent course, with glandular involvement, to extra-glandular systemic manifestations up to lymphoma development. On tissue level, the typical feature is the lymphocytic infiltration of the salivary gland by B-, T- and antigen presenting cells, as mirrored by the diagnostic cornerstone role of minor salivary gland (MSG) biopsy. Recently, increasing research focused on the investigation of mechanisms underlying the complex pathogenesis of the disease and highlighted the multi-factorial nature of SS consisting of concomitant involvement of environmental, genetic, neuroendocrine and immune factors. In particular, many aspects have been investigated regarding genetic and epigenetics, the role of specific B- and T-cell phenotypes and the investigation of disease-specific biomarkers as predictors of disease development, activity, and lymphomagenesis. Surely, a deeper understanding of these multiple mechanisms may facilitate earlier diagnosis, enable subphenotyping of patients and open novel therapeutic possibilities to address the unmet needs of the disease in the upcoming years.In this review, following the others of this series, we will summarise the most recent literature on pSS pathogenesis and clinical features focusing in particular on new insights into pSS molecular stratification and therapeutic advances in the era of precision medicine.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566114
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