Background/Aim: To compare heart, left ventricle (LV) and coronary artery dose-sparing with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) vs. helical tomotherapy (HT) in left-sided breast cancer (BC). Patients and Methods: 3D-CRT and HT treatments were planned for 20 patients (pts). Computed tomography (CT) scans without and with intravenous contrast (ic) were performed and co-registered. Left breast and organs at risk (OARs) were contoured. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) for 3D-CRT and HT treatment plans were evaluated in terms of planning target volume for evaluation (PTVeval) coverage and dose to the OARs. Results: HT provided the best target coverage and significantly reduced D2% and mean dose to the left anterior descending artery (LADA) and to the LADA-planning organ at risk volume (PRV), D2%, V5 and mean dose to the LV and D2% and V25 to the heart. As expected, due to the rotational delivery, the dose to all other coronary arteries and their PRV, contralateral breast and lungs was higher with HT. Conclusion: In left-sided BC, HT provided the best target coverage and significantly reduced LV and LADA doses. Moreover D2% and V25 to the heart were significantly reduced. Further studies are needed to correlate dosimetric findings with in-depth cardiac monitoring.

Heart and Coronary Artery Dose Sparing in Left-sided Breast Cancer: 3D-Conformal Radiotherapy vs. Helical Tomotherapy

Palumbo I.;Scialpi M.;Bini V.;Nucciarelli S.;Perrucci E.;Aristei C.
2023

Abstract

Background/Aim: To compare heart, left ventricle (LV) and coronary artery dose-sparing with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) vs. helical tomotherapy (HT) in left-sided breast cancer (BC). Patients and Methods: 3D-CRT and HT treatments were planned for 20 patients (pts). Computed tomography (CT) scans without and with intravenous contrast (ic) were performed and co-registered. Left breast and organs at risk (OARs) were contoured. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) for 3D-CRT and HT treatment plans were evaluated in terms of planning target volume for evaluation (PTVeval) coverage and dose to the OARs. Results: HT provided the best target coverage and significantly reduced D2% and mean dose to the left anterior descending artery (LADA) and to the LADA-planning organ at risk volume (PRV), D2%, V5 and mean dose to the LV and D2% and V25 to the heart. As expected, due to the rotational delivery, the dose to all other coronary arteries and their PRV, contralateral breast and lungs was higher with HT. Conclusion: In left-sided BC, HT provided the best target coverage and significantly reduced LV and LADA doses. Moreover D2% and V25 to the heart were significantly reduced. Further studies are needed to correlate dosimetric findings with in-depth cardiac monitoring.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566120
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact