IntroductionFrailty is a critical intermediate status of the aging process including physical, cognitive, and psychosocial phenotypes. We operationalized a biopsychosocial frailty construct, estimating its association with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and its subtypes. MethodsIn 1980, older individuals from the population-based Italian PRoject on the Epidemiology of Alzheimer's disease (IPREA), we investigated cross-sectional associations among biopsychosocial frailty, MCI, and its subtypes. ResultsParticipants with biopsychosocial frailty showed an increased odds ratio (OR) of MCI [OR: 4.36; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.60-7.29; Fisher's exact p < 0.01], particularly for nonamnestic MCI single domain (naMCI-SD, OR:3.28; 95% CI: 1.35-7.97; Fisher's exact p = 0.02) and for nonamnestic MCI multiple domain (naMCI-MD, OR:6.92; 95% CI: 3.37-14.21; Fisher's exact p < 0.01). No statistically significant associations between amnestic MCI single or multiple domain and biopsychosocial frailty were observed. DiscussionIn a large, older Italian cohort, a biopsychosocial frailty phenotype was associated with MCI, in particular, could be associated with some of its subtypes, that is, naMCI-SD, and naMCI-MD.

Biopsychosocial frailty and mild cognitive impairment subtypes: Findings from the Italian project on the epidemiology of Alzheimer's disease (IPREA)

Mecocci Patrizia
2023

Abstract

IntroductionFrailty is a critical intermediate status of the aging process including physical, cognitive, and psychosocial phenotypes. We operationalized a biopsychosocial frailty construct, estimating its association with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and its subtypes. MethodsIn 1980, older individuals from the population-based Italian PRoject on the Epidemiology of Alzheimer's disease (IPREA), we investigated cross-sectional associations among biopsychosocial frailty, MCI, and its subtypes. ResultsParticipants with biopsychosocial frailty showed an increased odds ratio (OR) of MCI [OR: 4.36; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.60-7.29; Fisher's exact p < 0.01], particularly for nonamnestic MCI single domain (naMCI-SD, OR:3.28; 95% CI: 1.35-7.97; Fisher's exact p = 0.02) and for nonamnestic MCI multiple domain (naMCI-MD, OR:6.92; 95% CI: 3.37-14.21; Fisher's exact p < 0.01). No statistically significant associations between amnestic MCI single or multiple domain and biopsychosocial frailty were observed. DiscussionIn a large, older Italian cohort, a biopsychosocial frailty phenotype was associated with MCI, in particular, could be associated with some of its subtypes, that is, naMCI-SD, and naMCI-MD.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566206
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