Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by frequent apnoea episodes during sleep due to upper airway obstruction. The present review summarizes current knowledge on inter-relationships between OSA and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and suggests the former as a possible target for sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i). Based on pathophysiological mechanisms underlying OSA onset and renal SGLT-2 effects, we suggest that SGLT-2i indications might expand beyond current ones, including glucose, lipids, uric acid, blood pressure, and body weight control as well as chronic heart failure and kidney disease prevention.
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