Tumor microenvironment plays a crucial role in primary cutaneous melanoma (CM) progression. Although the role of tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) density has been known for a long time, its spatial distribution and impact with or without tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) remain controversial. Herein, we investigated spatial proximity between tumor cells and immune cells in 113 primary CM and its correlation with disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The study cohort included clinical stage II (n = 79) and stage III (n = 34) primary CM with a Breslow thickness of >2 mm (with a median age of 64 years, including 72 men and 41 women). In univariate models, patients with SOX10+ melanoma cells with high proximity to CD8+ TILs in a 20 μm radius showed longer DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.36-0.93; P = .025) and OS (HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.32-0.92; P = .023). Furthermore, at multivariate combined analysis, patients with SOX10+ melanoma cells with high proximity to CD8+ TILs or low proximity to CD163+ TAMs in a 20 μm radius showed an increased OS (aHR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.14-0.96; P = .04) compared with melanoma patients with low proximity to CD8+ TILs or high proximity to CD163+ TAMs. In a subgroup analysis including 92 patients, a significant negative impact on DFS (aHR, 4.49; 95% CI, 1.73-11.64; P = .002) and OS (aHR, 3.97; 95% CI, 1.37-11.49; P = .01) was observed in sentinel lymph node (SLN)-negative patients with a high proximity of CD163+ TAMs to CD8+ TILs. These findings could help identify high-risk patients in the context of thick melanoma and a negative SLN. Our study suggests the importance of quantifying not only the density of immune cells but also the individual and combined relative spatial distributions of tumor cells and immune cells for clinical outcomes in SLN-negative primary CM patients.

Spatial Proximity and Relative Distribution of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Macrophages Predict Survival in Melanoma

Mandala' M.;
2023

Abstract

Tumor microenvironment plays a crucial role in primary cutaneous melanoma (CM) progression. Although the role of tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) density has been known for a long time, its spatial distribution and impact with or without tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) remain controversial. Herein, we investigated spatial proximity between tumor cells and immune cells in 113 primary CM and its correlation with disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The study cohort included clinical stage II (n = 79) and stage III (n = 34) primary CM with a Breslow thickness of >2 mm (with a median age of 64 years, including 72 men and 41 women). In univariate models, patients with SOX10+ melanoma cells with high proximity to CD8+ TILs in a 20 μm radius showed longer DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.36-0.93; P = .025) and OS (HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.32-0.92; P = .023). Furthermore, at multivariate combined analysis, patients with SOX10+ melanoma cells with high proximity to CD8+ TILs or low proximity to CD163+ TAMs in a 20 μm radius showed an increased OS (aHR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.14-0.96; P = .04) compared with melanoma patients with low proximity to CD8+ TILs or high proximity to CD163+ TAMs. In a subgroup analysis including 92 patients, a significant negative impact on DFS (aHR, 4.49; 95% CI, 1.73-11.64; P = .002) and OS (aHR, 3.97; 95% CI, 1.37-11.49; P = .01) was observed in sentinel lymph node (SLN)-negative patients with a high proximity of CD163+ TAMs to CD8+ TILs. These findings could help identify high-risk patients in the context of thick melanoma and a negative SLN. Our study suggests the importance of quantifying not only the density of immune cells but also the individual and combined relative spatial distributions of tumor cells and immune cells for clinical outcomes in SLN-negative primary CM patients.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566821
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