Among S-, I-, and A-type granites, the latter are the most debated in terms of origin, and metasedimentary crust is usually discarded as a potential source. Here we tackle this issue by adopting an in-source perspective, rather than focusing on the final product (granite), documenting the occurrence of pristine melt inclusions (MIs) in garnet from residual metapelitic ultrahightemperature (UHT) granulite from East Antarctica. Coexistence of sapphirine + quartz, phase equilibria calculations, and Zr-in-rutile thermometry indicate that MIs trapped UHT melts formed at peak conditions (930-1000 degrees C) from a residual metapelitic source. MIs are granitic with weakly peraluminous to weakly peralkaline affinity, ferroan character, high alkali contents, high K/Na and Ga/Al, and low Ca, Ba, Sr, and H2O concentrations. These features and geochemical modeling indicate that MIs represent primary melts for high-SiO2 A-type granites. Therefore, MIs reveal the missing link between A-type granites and the hottest metasedimentary crust. Voluminous amounts of slightly peraluminous, high-SiO2 A-type granites can be produced in large, residual UHT terranes such as those of eastern Gondwana. Our results provide a wider view of processes responsible for granite formation and show that a larger variety of granites must be considered in models of the effects of UHT anatexis on crustal differentiation.

Revealing the link between A-type granites and hottest melts from residual metasedimentary crust

Petrelli, M.;
2023

Abstract

Among S-, I-, and A-type granites, the latter are the most debated in terms of origin, and metasedimentary crust is usually discarded as a potential source. Here we tackle this issue by adopting an in-source perspective, rather than focusing on the final product (granite), documenting the occurrence of pristine melt inclusions (MIs) in garnet from residual metapelitic ultrahightemperature (UHT) granulite from East Antarctica. Coexistence of sapphirine + quartz, phase equilibria calculations, and Zr-in-rutile thermometry indicate that MIs trapped UHT melts formed at peak conditions (930-1000 degrees C) from a residual metapelitic source. MIs are granitic with weakly peraluminous to weakly peralkaline affinity, ferroan character, high alkali contents, high K/Na and Ga/Al, and low Ca, Ba, Sr, and H2O concentrations. These features and geochemical modeling indicate that MIs represent primary melts for high-SiO2 A-type granites. Therefore, MIs reveal the missing link between A-type granites and the hottest metasedimentary crust. Voluminous amounts of slightly peraluminous, high-SiO2 A-type granites can be produced in large, residual UHT terranes such as those of eastern Gondwana. Our results provide a wider view of processes responsible for granite formation and show that a larger variety of granites must be considered in models of the effects of UHT anatexis on crustal differentiation.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1567423
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