Background: Integrating clinical examination with ultrasound measures of congestion could improve risk stratification in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF). Aim: To investigate the prevalence of clinical, echocardiographic and lung ultrasound (LUS) signs of congestion according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and their association with prognosis in patients with AHF. Methods: We pooled the data of four cohorts of patients (N = 601, 74.9±10.8 years, 59 % men) with AHF and analysed six features of congestion at enrolment: clinical (peripheral oedema and respiratory rales), biochemical (BNP/NT-proBNP≥median), echocardiographic (inferior vena cava (IVC)≥21 mm, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP)≥40 mmHg, E/e'≥15) and B-lines ≥25 (8-zones) in those with reduced (<40 %, HFrEF), mildly reduced (40-49 %, HFmrEF and preserved (≥50 %HFpEF) LVEF. Results: Compared to patients with HFmrEF (n = 110) and HFpEF (n = 201), those with HFrEF (N = 290) had higher natriuretic peptides, but prevalence of clinical (39 %), echocardiographic (IVC≥21 mm: 56 %, E/e'≥15: 57 %, PASP≥40 mmHg: 76 %) and LUS (48 %) signs of congestion was similar. In multivariable analysis, clinical (HR: 3.24(2.15-4.86), p < 0.001), echocardiographic [(IVC≥21 mm (HR:1.91, 1.21-3.03, p=0.006); E/e'≥15 (HR:1.54, 1.04-2.28, p = 0.031)] and LUS (HR:2.08, 1.34-3.24, p = 0.001) signs of congestion were significantly associated with all-cause mortality and/or HF re-hospitalization. Adding echocardiographic and LUS features of congestion to a model than included age, sex, systolic blood pressure, clinical congestion and natriuretic peptides, improved prediction at 90 and 180 days. Conclusions: Clinical and ultrasound signs of congestion are highly prevalent in patients with AHF, regardless of LVEF and their combined assessment improves risk stratification.

Multi-modality assessment of congestion in acute heart failure: Associations with left ventricular ejection fraction and prognosis

Coiro, Stefano;Ambrosio, Giuseppe;
2024

Abstract

Background: Integrating clinical examination with ultrasound measures of congestion could improve risk stratification in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF). Aim: To investigate the prevalence of clinical, echocardiographic and lung ultrasound (LUS) signs of congestion according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and their association with prognosis in patients with AHF. Methods: We pooled the data of four cohorts of patients (N = 601, 74.9±10.8 years, 59 % men) with AHF and analysed six features of congestion at enrolment: clinical (peripheral oedema and respiratory rales), biochemical (BNP/NT-proBNP≥median), echocardiographic (inferior vena cava (IVC)≥21 mm, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP)≥40 mmHg, E/e'≥15) and B-lines ≥25 (8-zones) in those with reduced (<40 %, HFrEF), mildly reduced (40-49 %, HFmrEF and preserved (≥50 %HFpEF) LVEF. Results: Compared to patients with HFmrEF (n = 110) and HFpEF (n = 201), those with HFrEF (N = 290) had higher natriuretic peptides, but prevalence of clinical (39 %), echocardiographic (IVC≥21 mm: 56 %, E/e'≥15: 57 %, PASP≥40 mmHg: 76 %) and LUS (48 %) signs of congestion was similar. In multivariable analysis, clinical (HR: 3.24(2.15-4.86), p < 0.001), echocardiographic [(IVC≥21 mm (HR:1.91, 1.21-3.03, p=0.006); E/e'≥15 (HR:1.54, 1.04-2.28, p = 0.031)] and LUS (HR:2.08, 1.34-3.24, p = 0.001) signs of congestion were significantly associated with all-cause mortality and/or HF re-hospitalization. Adding echocardiographic and LUS features of congestion to a model than included age, sex, systolic blood pressure, clinical congestion and natriuretic peptides, improved prediction at 90 and 180 days. Conclusions: Clinical and ultrasound signs of congestion are highly prevalent in patients with AHF, regardless of LVEF and their combined assessment improves risk stratification.
2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1568356
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