Pneumothorax can be the first symptom of lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis have a higher risk of recurrence of pneumothorax. Chemical pleurodesis is a viable option to treat the recurrence, but in rare cases, it is not the solution. We present the case of a patient with lymphangioleiomyomatosis undergoing a talc poudrage via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for pneumothorax that failed to reexpand the lung. We proposed to the patient a surgical approach to debride the lung parenchyma with the patient under deep sedation with spontaneous breathing. The patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. The chest computed tomography scan showed complete lung reexpansion. We advocate that video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in patients who are awake is a feasible surgical option that permits the restoration of physiological lung expansion in selected patients who underwent chemical pleurodesis and minimizes the risk of one-lung ventilation.
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