Group B streptococci (GBS) have been recognised as an ever-growing cause of serious invasive infections in non-pregnant adults, in particular in association with severe underlying diseases such as diabetes mellitus. In the present study we used mice rendered diabetic to gain further insights into host-pathogen interaction during induced GBS sepsis and septic arthritis. Type I diabetes was induced in adult CD-1 mice by low-dose streptozotocin treatment. Mice were then infected with different doses of GBS, and mortality, appearance of arthritis, growth of microorganisms in the organs and cytokine and chemokine profile were assessed in diabetic and control animals. The LD50 was significantly lower in diabetics than in controls, while both incidence and severity of arthritis were higher. A significantly higher number of microorganisms were recovered from the organs of diabetic mice than in controls. The worsening of sepsis and arthritis was associated with a significant increase in systemic and local production of IL-6, IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, IL-10, macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1alpha), and MIP-2 and with a decrease in IFN-gamma production. Taken together, our results indicate an impaired host resistance to GBS infection in diabetics, likely due to a dysregulation of the cytokine network and prolonged local inflammatory response.

Exacerbation of group B streptococcal sepsis and arthritis in diabetic mice

PULITI, Manuela;BISTONI, Francesco;TISSI, Luciana
2006-01-01

Abstract

Group B streptococci (GBS) have been recognised as an ever-growing cause of serious invasive infections in non-pregnant adults, in particular in association with severe underlying diseases such as diabetes mellitus. In the present study we used mice rendered diabetic to gain further insights into host-pathogen interaction during induced GBS sepsis and septic arthritis. Type I diabetes was induced in adult CD-1 mice by low-dose streptozotocin treatment. Mice were then infected with different doses of GBS, and mortality, appearance of arthritis, growth of microorganisms in the organs and cytokine and chemokine profile were assessed in diabetic and control animals. The LD50 was significantly lower in diabetics than in controls, while both incidence and severity of arthritis were higher. A significantly higher number of microorganisms were recovered from the organs of diabetic mice than in controls. The worsening of sepsis and arthritis was associated with a significant increase in systemic and local production of IL-6, IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, IL-10, macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1alpha), and MIP-2 and with a decrease in IFN-gamma production. Taken together, our results indicate an impaired host resistance to GBS infection in diabetics, likely due to a dysregulation of the cytokine network and prolonged local inflammatory response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/157124
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