Using congenic strains of mice susceptible (bcg(s)) or resistant (bcg(r)) to BCG, murine microglial cell lines, RR4.R (BCG-resistant) and RR8.S (BCG-susceptible), were established in vitro. Comparative studies revealed that, although phagocytic to a similar extent, RR4.R cells were more active than RR8.S cells in terms of antimycobacterial activity. Interestingly, cells of resistant genotype secreted more nitric oxide, TNF-alpha and IL-12, but less IL-6, than susceptible cells, when stimulated with IFN-gamma alone or in combination with lipopolysaccharide. Nevertheless, no significant differences were observed between the two cell lines in terms of IL-1 beta or IL-10 secretion, or on assessment of cytokine production following exposure to a massive dose of lipopolysaccharide. Overall, these data provide the first evidence that resistant/susceptible genotype influences antimycobacterial activity, NO and cytokine production in microglial cells, the prototype of cerebral macrophages.

Differential effector and secretory functions of microglial cell lines derived from BCG-resistant and -susceptible congenic mouse strains

PULITI, Manuela;MAZZOLLA, Rosanna;BROZZETTI, Annalisa;BISTONI, Francesco;BLASI, Elisabetta
1999-01-01

Abstract

Using congenic strains of mice susceptible (bcg(s)) or resistant (bcg(r)) to BCG, murine microglial cell lines, RR4.R (BCG-resistant) and RR8.S (BCG-susceptible), were established in vitro. Comparative studies revealed that, although phagocytic to a similar extent, RR4.R cells were more active than RR8.S cells in terms of antimycobacterial activity. Interestingly, cells of resistant genotype secreted more nitric oxide, TNF-alpha and IL-12, but less IL-6, than susceptible cells, when stimulated with IFN-gamma alone or in combination with lipopolysaccharide. Nevertheless, no significant differences were observed between the two cell lines in terms of IL-1 beta or IL-10 secretion, or on assessment of cytokine production following exposure to a massive dose of lipopolysaccharide. Overall, these data provide the first evidence that resistant/susceptible genotype influences antimycobacterial activity, NO and cytokine production in microglial cells, the prototype of cerebral macrophages.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/157161
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