This study investigated how the design of surface topography may stimulate stem cell differentiation towards a neural lineage. To this end, hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) groove topographies with width/spacing ridges ranging from 80/40⎧m, 40/30⎧m and 30/20⎧m and depth of 24 nm were used as a single mechanotransducer stimulus to generate neural cells from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) in vitro. As comparative experiments, soluble brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was used as additional biochemical inducer agent. Despite simultaneous presence of a- C:H micropatterned nanoridges and soluble BDNF resulted in the highest percentage of neuronal-like differentiated cells our findings demonstrate that the surface topography with micropatterned nanoridge width/spacing of 40/30um (single stimulus) induced hBM-MSCs to acquire neuronal characteristics in the absence of differentiating agents. On the other hand, the alternative a-C:H ridge dimensions tested failed to induce stem cell differentiation towards neuronal properties, thereby suggesting the occurrence of a mechanotransducer effect exerted by optimal nano/microstructure dimensions on the hBM-MSCs responses.

MICROPATTERNED HYDROGENATED AMORPHOUS CARBON GUIDES MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS TOWARDS NEURONAL DIFFERENTIATION

MATTIOLI, SAMANTHA;CRISPOLTONI, LUCIA;TIRIBUZI, ROBERTO;PALMERINI, Carlo Alberto;KENNY, Jose Maria;MARTINO, Sabata;ORLACCHIO, Aldo
2010

Abstract

This study investigated how the design of surface topography may stimulate stem cell differentiation towards a neural lineage. To this end, hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) groove topographies with width/spacing ridges ranging from 80/40⎧m, 40/30⎧m and 30/20⎧m and depth of 24 nm were used as a single mechanotransducer stimulus to generate neural cells from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) in vitro. As comparative experiments, soluble brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was used as additional biochemical inducer agent. Despite simultaneous presence of a- C:H micropatterned nanoridges and soluble BDNF resulted in the highest percentage of neuronal-like differentiated cells our findings demonstrate that the surface topography with micropatterned nanoridge width/spacing of 40/30um (single stimulus) induced hBM-MSCs to acquire neuronal characteristics in the absence of differentiating agents. On the other hand, the alternative a-C:H ridge dimensions tested failed to induce stem cell differentiation towards neuronal properties, thereby suggesting the occurrence of a mechanotransducer effect exerted by optimal nano/microstructure dimensions on the hBM-MSCs responses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/171365
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