As a fungal etiology has been proposed to underlie severe nasal polyposis, the present study was undertaken to assess local antifungal immune reactivity in nasal polyposis. For this purpose, microbial colonization, along with the pattern of T helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 cytokine production and Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression, was evaluated in patients with nasal symptoms and with and without polyposis and in healthy subjects. The results show that Th2 reactivity was a common finding for patients with nasal polyposis regardless of the presence of microbes. The production of interleukin-10 was elevated in patients with bacterial and, particularly, fungal colonization, while both TLR2 expression and TLR4 expression were locally impaired in microbe-colonized patients. Eosinophils and neutrophils, highly recruited in nasal polyposis, were found to exert potent antifungal effector activities toward conidia and hyphae of the fungus and to be positively regulated by TLR2 or TLR4 stimulation. Therefore, a local imbalance between activating and deactivating signals to effector cells may likely contribute to fungal pathogenicity and the expression of local immune reactivity in nasal polyposis.

Antifungal immune reactivity in nasal polyposis.

PITZURRA, Lucia;BELLOCCHIO, Silvia;BONIFAZI, PIERLUIGI;STRACCI, Fabrizio;BISTONI, Francesco;ROMANI, Luigina
2004

Abstract

As a fungal etiology has been proposed to underlie severe nasal polyposis, the present study was undertaken to assess local antifungal immune reactivity in nasal polyposis. For this purpose, microbial colonization, along with the pattern of T helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 cytokine production and Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression, was evaluated in patients with nasal symptoms and with and without polyposis and in healthy subjects. The results show that Th2 reactivity was a common finding for patients with nasal polyposis regardless of the presence of microbes. The production of interleukin-10 was elevated in patients with bacterial and, particularly, fungal colonization, while both TLR2 expression and TLR4 expression were locally impaired in microbe-colonized patients. Eosinophils and neutrophils, highly recruited in nasal polyposis, were found to exert potent antifungal effector activities toward conidia and hyphae of the fungus and to be positively regulated by TLR2 or TLR4 stimulation. Therefore, a local imbalance between activating and deactivating signals to effector cells may likely contribute to fungal pathogenicity and the expression of local immune reactivity in nasal polyposis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/175165
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