Abstract Patients with celiac disease have an increased rate of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma, but conflicting data are available about the protective role of a gluten-free diet with regard to the development of this malignancy. We followed 1,757 celiac patients for a total period of 31,801 person-years, collecting data about the frequency of gluten intake and the incidence of the enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. Out of the nine celiac patients who developed an intestinal lymphoma [standard morbidity ratio of 6.42 (95% CI = 2.9–12.2; P\0.001)], only two kept a strict gluten-free diet after the diagnosis of celiac diasese and developed the malignancy after the peridiagnosis period of 3 years, dropping therefore the standard morbidity ratio to 0.22 (95%CI = 0.02–0.88; P\0.001). The risk of developing an intestinal lymphoma for the celiac patients that used to have dietary gluten was significant (X2 = 4.8 P = 0.01). These results show that a strict gluten-free diet is protective towards the development of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that a strict GFD is protective towards the development of gastro-intestinal lymphoma. Therefore, celiac patients should be informed about the importance of complying with a strict GFD in order to prevent the onset of this neoplasm. In addition, a careful screening for intestinal lymphoma should be performed in celiac patients who do not follow a strict GFD after the diagnosis of CD or diagnosed affected by celiac patients after their childhood.

Effect of a Gluten-free Diet on the Risk of Enteropathy-associated T-cell Lymphoma in Celiac Disease

PELLI, Maria Antonietta;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Abstract Patients with celiac disease have an increased rate of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma, but conflicting data are available about the protective role of a gluten-free diet with regard to the development of this malignancy. We followed 1,757 celiac patients for a total period of 31,801 person-years, collecting data about the frequency of gluten intake and the incidence of the enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. Out of the nine celiac patients who developed an intestinal lymphoma [standard morbidity ratio of 6.42 (95% CI = 2.9–12.2; P\0.001)], only two kept a strict gluten-free diet after the diagnosis of celiac diasese and developed the malignancy after the peridiagnosis period of 3 years, dropping therefore the standard morbidity ratio to 0.22 (95%CI = 0.02–0.88; P\0.001). The risk of developing an intestinal lymphoma for the celiac patients that used to have dietary gluten was significant (X2 = 4.8 P = 0.01). These results show that a strict gluten-free diet is protective towards the development of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that a strict GFD is protective towards the development of gastro-intestinal lymphoma. Therefore, celiac patients should be informed about the importance of complying with a strict GFD in order to prevent the onset of this neoplasm. In addition, a careful screening for intestinal lymphoma should be performed in celiac patients who do not follow a strict GFD after the diagnosis of CD or diagnosed affected by celiac patients after their childhood.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/176536
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