The effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on the expression of differentiation and proliferation markers in Morris 3924A hepatoma cells was investigated. ACT/I rats were conditioned 10 days with diets enriched with linoleic acid or alpha-linolenic acid before subcutaneous hepatoma cell transplantation. After 19 days from the inoculum, the mRNA levels of liver-enriched transcription factors and of their target genes were quantified. Both linoleic acid- and linolenic acid-enriched diets induced a decrease of beta-actin, AFP, PCNA, c-myc and of hepatocyte nuclear factors HNF-1alpha and HNF-4alpha mRNA levels in tumor tissue whereas HNF-3beta expression was induced by both dietary treatments. Only the alpha-linolenic acid-enriched diet was effective in reducing c-jun and increasing albumin mRNA levels. Since albumin is a C/EBPalpha target gene, C/EBPalpha gene transcription was evaluated at both protein and mRNA levels. It was found that alpha-linolenic acid-enriched diet did not enhance the C/EBPalpha mRNA content in hepatoma tissue while inducing C/EBPalpha protein expression with an isoform pattern similar to the hepatic phenotype. This evidence implies that alpha-linolenic acid or one of its metabolic products induce albumin synthesis in hepatoma cells by modulating C/EBPalpha gene expression at post-transcriptional level.

Dietary PUFA modulate the expression of proliferation and differentiation markers in Morris 3924A hepatoma cells

VECCHINI, Alba;CECCARELLI, Veronica;NOCENTINI, Giuseppe;RICCARDI, Carlo;BINAGLIA, Luciano
2005

Abstract

The effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on the expression of differentiation and proliferation markers in Morris 3924A hepatoma cells was investigated. ACT/I rats were conditioned 10 days with diets enriched with linoleic acid or alpha-linolenic acid before subcutaneous hepatoma cell transplantation. After 19 days from the inoculum, the mRNA levels of liver-enriched transcription factors and of their target genes were quantified. Both linoleic acid- and linolenic acid-enriched diets induced a decrease of beta-actin, AFP, PCNA, c-myc and of hepatocyte nuclear factors HNF-1alpha and HNF-4alpha mRNA levels in tumor tissue whereas HNF-3beta expression was induced by both dietary treatments. Only the alpha-linolenic acid-enriched diet was effective in reducing c-jun and increasing albumin mRNA levels. Since albumin is a C/EBPalpha target gene, C/EBPalpha gene transcription was evaluated at both protein and mRNA levels. It was found that alpha-linolenic acid-enriched diet did not enhance the C/EBPalpha mRNA content in hepatoma tissue while inducing C/EBPalpha protein expression with an isoform pattern similar to the hepatic phenotype. This evidence implies that alpha-linolenic acid or one of its metabolic products induce albumin synthesis in hepatoma cells by modulating C/EBPalpha gene expression at post-transcriptional level.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/21894
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact