The aim of this study was to compare the pituitary and ovarian responses in rabbit does subjected to different methods of ovulation induction. Forty-eight receptive females were randomly distributed into six groups (N=8) and were inseminated with standard glass catheters. Buserelin intramuscular (BM) does were inseminated using a pool of fresh heterospermic semen and an intramuscular injection of 1 g of buserelin acetate to induce ovulation. Buserelin intravaginal (BV) does were inseminated in a similar way, but ovulation was induced with the GnRH analogue (10 g of buserelin acetate) combined with 0.5 mL of semen extender. The raw semen (R) and saline groups (S) were inseminated with undiluted semen or saline, respectively, without any inducer of ovulation. Another group (A) received lumbar anaesthesia (1.5 mL of 2% lidocaine), and only the empty catheter was introduced into the vagina. The AR does were treated the same way as group A but were inseminated with raw semen instead of an empty catheter. Blood samples were collected to determine the LH concentrations before and after AI (30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes). Ovulation, pregnancy, and conception rates were determined after euthanasia on day 14 post AI. Ovulating does had higher mean LH concentrations than nonovulating does (197.9 vs. 45.9 ng/mL; P_0.05). The ovulation rates of buserelin intramuscular and intravaginal does were 100%, and the pregnancy rates were 87.5% and 100%, respectively. Rabbit does in groups A and AR did not ovulate and had similar mean plasma LH concentrations after 60 minutes compared with the S group (49.4 and 49.2 ng/mL vs. 41.6 ng/mL, respectively), which reached ovulation and pregnancy rates of 37.5%. Does inseminated only with raw semen had an ovulation rate of 75% and a pregnancy rate of 62.5%; they also demonstrated higher plasma LH concentrations than does of the S, A, and AR groups. In conclusion, ovulation in rabbit does can be induced by exogenous GnRH administration (im and intravaginal). The high plasma LH concentration and ovulation rate in the R group with respect to the S and A groups could weakly indicate the presence of some molecules in the seminal plasma that could act on or be absorbed by vaginal mucosa. Sensory stimulation and “seminal factors” probably exert a synergy on the ovulation response as demonstrated by the comparison of LH release and the ovulation response in the R, S, RA, and A groups.

Ovulating induction methods in rabbit does: the pituitary and ovarian responses

DAL BOSCO, Alessandro;CARDINALI, Raffaella;BRECCHIA, Gabriele;SYLLA, Lakamy;CASTELLINI, Cesare
2012

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the pituitary and ovarian responses in rabbit does subjected to different methods of ovulation induction. Forty-eight receptive females were randomly distributed into six groups (N=8) and were inseminated with standard glass catheters. Buserelin intramuscular (BM) does were inseminated using a pool of fresh heterospermic semen and an intramuscular injection of 1 g of buserelin acetate to induce ovulation. Buserelin intravaginal (BV) does were inseminated in a similar way, but ovulation was induced with the GnRH analogue (10 g of buserelin acetate) combined with 0.5 mL of semen extender. The raw semen (R) and saline groups (S) were inseminated with undiluted semen or saline, respectively, without any inducer of ovulation. Another group (A) received lumbar anaesthesia (1.5 mL of 2% lidocaine), and only the empty catheter was introduced into the vagina. The AR does were treated the same way as group A but were inseminated with raw semen instead of an empty catheter. Blood samples were collected to determine the LH concentrations before and after AI (30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes). Ovulation, pregnancy, and conception rates were determined after euthanasia on day 14 post AI. Ovulating does had higher mean LH concentrations than nonovulating does (197.9 vs. 45.9 ng/mL; P_0.05). The ovulation rates of buserelin intramuscular and intravaginal does were 100%, and the pregnancy rates were 87.5% and 100%, respectively. Rabbit does in groups A and AR did not ovulate and had similar mean plasma LH concentrations after 60 minutes compared with the S group (49.4 and 49.2 ng/mL vs. 41.6 ng/mL, respectively), which reached ovulation and pregnancy rates of 37.5%. Does inseminated only with raw semen had an ovulation rate of 75% and a pregnancy rate of 62.5%; they also demonstrated higher plasma LH concentrations than does of the S, A, and AR groups. In conclusion, ovulation in rabbit does can be induced by exogenous GnRH administration (im and intravaginal). The high plasma LH concentration and ovulation rate in the R group with respect to the S and A groups could weakly indicate the presence of some molecules in the seminal plasma that could act on or be absorbed by vaginal mucosa. Sensory stimulation and “seminal factors” probably exert a synergy on the ovulation response as demonstrated by the comparison of LH release and the ovulation response in the R, S, RA, and A groups.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/248690
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