The aim of this work was to evaluate if a simple double-emulsion method could be used for developing a new formulation of large porous microspheres (MS) potentially useful for capreomycin sulfate (CS) pulmonary delivery. Poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide)was used forMSpreparation. A simple W/O/W double-emulsion/solvent evaporation preparation method was employed and MS were characterized by UV spectrophotometry, particle size, and scanning electron microscopy. A computer-generated response surface method (RSM) was employed to evaluate % drug content, volume mean diameter (VMD), and span upon variation of two numeric and two categorical factors. MS size distribution was found to be strongly affected by the homogenization method and the type of emulsifier employed. Mean diameters ranged from 1 to 20 m. The MS presented a proper morphology, with a highly porous interior and a rough surface. Peptide content ranged between 1 and 20%. The region of optimality was referred to as a low VMD and span values, and a high drug content. The best results were found when using a 20% loading, 19.8–3.2 dichloromethane/acetone ratio, ultraturrax mixing, and HPMC as emulsifier. The double-emulsion method allowed the preparation of CS loaded large porous MS having suitable characteristics to match respirability requirements. The use of RSM helped to establish the conditions to obtain formulations potentially useful for a possible CS pulmonary delivery, by using a simple preparation method with a consistent time, cost, and material saving.

Preparation of large porous biodegradable microspheres by using a simple double emulsion method for capreomycin sulfate pulmonary delivery.

GIOVAGNOLI, Stefano;SCHOUBBEN, Aurelie Marie Madeleine;ROSSI, Carlo;RICCI, Maurizio
2007

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate if a simple double-emulsion method could be used for developing a new formulation of large porous microspheres (MS) potentially useful for capreomycin sulfate (CS) pulmonary delivery. Poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide)was used forMSpreparation. A simple W/O/W double-emulsion/solvent evaporation preparation method was employed and MS were characterized by UV spectrophotometry, particle size, and scanning electron microscopy. A computer-generated response surface method (RSM) was employed to evaluate % drug content, volume mean diameter (VMD), and span upon variation of two numeric and two categorical factors. MS size distribution was found to be strongly affected by the homogenization method and the type of emulsifier employed. Mean diameters ranged from 1 to 20 m. The MS presented a proper morphology, with a highly porous interior and a rough surface. Peptide content ranged between 1 and 20%. The region of optimality was referred to as a low VMD and span values, and a high drug content. The best results were found when using a 20% loading, 19.8–3.2 dichloromethane/acetone ratio, ultraturrax mixing, and HPMC as emulsifier. The double-emulsion method allowed the preparation of CS loaded large porous MS having suitable characteristics to match respirability requirements. The use of RSM helped to establish the conditions to obtain formulations potentially useful for a possible CS pulmonary delivery, by using a simple preparation method with a consistent time, cost, and material saving.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/26012
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 75
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 67
social impact