In an attempt to investigate whether the genetic defect in the HEXA and HEXB genes (which causes the absence of the lysosomal b-N-acetylhexosaminidase), are related to the wide inflammation in GM2 gangliosidoses (Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease), we have chosen the dendritic cells (DCs) as a study model. Using the RNA interference approach, we generated an in vitro model of HEXs knock-down immunogenic DCs (i-DCs) from CD34+-haemopoietic stem cells (CD34+-HSCs), thus mimicking the Tay-Sachs (HEXA/) and Sandhoff (HEXB/) cells. We showed that the absence of b-N-acetyl-hexosaminidase activity does not alter the differentiation of i-DCs from HSCs, but it is critical for the activation of CD4+T cells because knock-down of HEXA or HEXB gene causes a loss of function of i-DCs. Notably, the silencing of the HEXA gene had a stronger immune inhibitory effect, thereby indicating a major involvement of b-N-acetyl-hexosaminidase A isoenzyme within this mechanism.

Knock-down of HEXA and HEXB genes correlate with the absence of the immunostimulatory function of HSC-derived dendritic cells

TIRIBUZI, ROBERTO;MARTINO, Sabata;ORLACCHIO, Aldo
2012

Abstract

In an attempt to investigate whether the genetic defect in the HEXA and HEXB genes (which causes the absence of the lysosomal b-N-acetylhexosaminidase), are related to the wide inflammation in GM2 gangliosidoses (Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease), we have chosen the dendritic cells (DCs) as a study model. Using the RNA interference approach, we generated an in vitro model of HEXs knock-down immunogenic DCs (i-DCs) from CD34+-haemopoietic stem cells (CD34+-HSCs), thus mimicking the Tay-Sachs (HEXA/) and Sandhoff (HEXB/) cells. We showed that the absence of b-N-acetyl-hexosaminidase activity does not alter the differentiation of i-DCs from HSCs, but it is critical for the activation of CD4+T cells because knock-down of HEXA or HEXB gene causes a loss of function of i-DCs. Notably, the silencing of the HEXA gene had a stronger immune inhibitory effect, thereby indicating a major involvement of b-N-acetyl-hexosaminidase A isoenzyme within this mechanism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/316693
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