The kinetics of the reaction of Cr(CN)5(H2O)2− with NCS− and View the MathML source were studied at pH 5.0 and at pH 6.3–7.0, respectively, as a function of the temperature between 25.0 and 55.0 °C, and at various ionic strengths. Anation occurs in competition with aquation of CN−, with rate constants that exhibit less-than-first-order dependence on the concentration of the entering anions. The results are interpreted in terms of ligand interchange in a context of association of the two reacting anions mediated by the Na+ or Ca2+ counterions. The degree of aggregation depends mainly on the total cationic charge rather than on the ionic strength, and is ca. 2-fold larger for View the MathML source than for NCS−. Within the associated species, View the MathML source is a better entering ligand than NCS− by a factor of 4.5. The Cr(CN)5(NCS)3− and Cr(CN)5(N3)3− complexes were also synthesized, and the rates of aquation of NCS− and View the MathML sourcewere measured at pH 5.0 and between 55.0 and 80.0 °C, over the same range of ionic strengths. The ionic strength enhances the anation rates but has little effect on the aquation rates. The average activation enthalpies of the interchange step are 80 ± 3 and 76 ± 3 kJ mol−1 for entry of NCS− and View the MathML source, respectively. Those of the corresponding aquation reactions are 94 ± 4 and 107 ± 4 kJ mol−1. Within error limits, all ΔH‡ values are independent of the ionic strength. The results are consistent with an Id mechanism for substitution in Cr(CN)5Xz− complexes.

Anation Kinetics of pentacyanoaquachromate(III) by thiocyanate and azide

RICCIERI, Pietro;ZINATO, Edoardo
2007

Abstract

The kinetics of the reaction of Cr(CN)5(H2O)2− with NCS− and View the MathML source were studied at pH 5.0 and at pH 6.3–7.0, respectively, as a function of the temperature between 25.0 and 55.0 °C, and at various ionic strengths. Anation occurs in competition with aquation of CN−, with rate constants that exhibit less-than-first-order dependence on the concentration of the entering anions. The results are interpreted in terms of ligand interchange in a context of association of the two reacting anions mediated by the Na+ or Ca2+ counterions. The degree of aggregation depends mainly on the total cationic charge rather than on the ionic strength, and is ca. 2-fold larger for View the MathML source than for NCS−. Within the associated species, View the MathML source is a better entering ligand than NCS− by a factor of 4.5. The Cr(CN)5(NCS)3− and Cr(CN)5(N3)3− complexes were also synthesized, and the rates of aquation of NCS− and View the MathML sourcewere measured at pH 5.0 and between 55.0 and 80.0 °C, over the same range of ionic strengths. The ionic strength enhances the anation rates but has little effect on the aquation rates. The average activation enthalpies of the interchange step are 80 ± 3 and 76 ± 3 kJ mol−1 for entry of NCS− and View the MathML source, respectively. Those of the corresponding aquation reactions are 94 ± 4 and 107 ± 4 kJ mol−1. Within error limits, all ΔH‡ values are independent of the ionic strength. The results are consistent with an Id mechanism for substitution in Cr(CN)5Xz− complexes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/32263
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