Sound absorption and optical transparency are among the most useful properties of noise barriers. While the latter is required to reduce visual impact and for aesthetical reasons, the former is required whenever conditions of multiple reflections and presence of close, high receivers occur. The technical feasibility of a transparent, sound-absorbing panel for outdoor antinoise devices is investigated in this paper. An analysis of acoustical performance of multiple perforated plates is performed employing an existing theory for microperforated absorbers under normal incidence and diffused sound field. An optimization of the geometrical parameters is carried out on the basis of the European classification criteria of noise barriers for roadways. An optimized three-layer configuration can achieve sound-absorption properties similar to nontransparent products with only a limited loss of visual transparency and appropriate mechanical strength. Experimental data obtained with an impedance tube on small test samples made of transparent polycarbonate and in a reverberation room on full-scale prototypes are reported, showing a rather good agreement with the theoretical predictions. The optical performance of a multilayered configuration is evaluated also.

Properties of transparent sound-absorbing panels for use in noise barriers

ASDRUBALI, Francesco;PISPOLA, GIULIO
2007

Abstract

Sound absorption and optical transparency are among the most useful properties of noise barriers. While the latter is required to reduce visual impact and for aesthetical reasons, the former is required whenever conditions of multiple reflections and presence of close, high receivers occur. The technical feasibility of a transparent, sound-absorbing panel for outdoor antinoise devices is investigated in this paper. An analysis of acoustical performance of multiple perforated plates is performed employing an existing theory for microperforated absorbers under normal incidence and diffused sound field. An optimization of the geometrical parameters is carried out on the basis of the European classification criteria of noise barriers for roadways. An optimized three-layer configuration can achieve sound-absorption properties similar to nontransparent products with only a limited loss of visual transparency and appropriate mechanical strength. Experimental data obtained with an impedance tube on small test samples made of transparent polycarbonate and in a reverberation room on full-scale prototypes are reported, showing a rather good agreement with the theoretical predictions. The optical performance of a multilayered configuration is evaluated also.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/32333
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